Widal Test

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Conditions: Travelers' Diseases

Elsewhere On The Web
CDC: Travelers' Health, 2014 Yellow Book: Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever
CDC: Typhoid Fever General Information 
Mayo Clinic: Typhoid fever
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Typhoid fever 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Travelers' Health. Typhoid & Paratyphoid Fever. Chapter 3. 2014 Yellow Book. Available online at http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever through http://wwwnc.cdc.gov. Accessed September 2013.

MayoClinic.com. Typhoid fever: Symptoms Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/typhoid-fever/DS00538/DSECTION=symptoms through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

Keddy, KH et al. Sensitivity and specificity of typhoid fever rapid antibody tests for laboratory diagnosis at two sub-Saharan African sites. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2011;89:640-647. Available online at http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/89/9/11-087627/en/ through http://www.who.int. Accessed September 2013.

Krishna S, Desai S, Anjana V K, Paranthaaman R G. Typhidot (IgM) as a reliable and rapid diagnostic test for typhoid fever. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2011;4:42-4. Available online at http://www.atmph.org/article.asp?issn=1755-6783;year=2011;volume=4;issue=1;spage=42;epage=44;aulast=Krishna through http://www.atmph.org. Accessed September 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Willke A, Ergonul O and Bayar B. Widal Test in Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever in Turkey. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 July; 9(4): 938–941. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC120044/ through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed August 2010.

Saudi Society of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Widal Test. Available online at http://ssmmid.org/widal-test/ through http://ssmmid.org. Accessed August 2010.

Omuse G, Kohli R and Revathi G. Diagnostic utility of a single Widal test in the diagnosis of typhoid fever at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Nairobi, Kenya. Version published on 1 January 2010. Trop Doct 2010;40:43-44. © 2010 Royal Society of Medicine Press. Available online at http://td.rsmjournals.com/cgi/content/abstract/40/1/43 through http://td.rsmjournals.com. Accessed August 2010.

Ley B et al. Evaluation of the Widal tube agglutination test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever among children admitted to a rural hospital in Tanzania and a comparison with previous studies. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010, 10:180. Available online at http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2334/10/180 through http://www.biomedcentral.com. Accessed August 2010.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Typhoid Fever. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001332.htm. Accessed August 2010.

Begum Z et al. Comparison between DOT EIA IgM and Widal Test as early diagnosis of typhoid fever. Mymensingh Med J. 2009 Jan;18(1):13-7. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19182742 through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed August 2010.

Narayanappa D et al. Comparative study of dot enzyme immunoassay (Typhidot-M) and Widal test in the diagnosis of typhoid fever. Indian Pediatr. 2010 Apr 7;47(4):331-3. Epub 2009 Apr 15. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19430063 through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed August 2010.

World Health Organization. Guidelines on Standard Operating Procedures for MICROBIOLOGY: Enteric Fever. Available online at http://www.searo.who.int/EN/Section10/Section17/Section53/Section482_1794.htm through http://www.searo.who.int. Accessed August 2010.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Travelers' Health, 2010 Yellow Book: Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever. Available online at http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2010/chapter-2/typhoid-paratyphoid-fever.aspx through http://wwwnc.cdc.gov. Accessed August 2010.

MayoClinic.com. Typhoid Fever. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/typhoid-fever/DS00538 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

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