Acidosis and Alkalosis

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Tests: Blood Gases, Electrolytes, Glucose, Comprehensive Metabolic Panel, Lactate, Blood Ketones, Osmolality, Emergency and Overdose Drug Testing
Conditions: Alcoholism, Kidney Disease, Diabetes, Lung Diseases

Elsewhere On The Web
American Diabetes Association: Ketoacidosis
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Acidosis
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Alkalosis
National Kidney and Urologic Information Clearinghouse: Renal tubular acidosis
Familydoctor.org: Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Mayo Clinic: Diabetic Ketoacidosis
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Quinn, A. and Sinert, R. (Updated 2013 June 11). Metabolic Acidosis in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/768268-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2014.

Thomas, C. and Yaseen, S. (Updated 2013 May 3). Metabolic Alkalosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/243160-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2014.

Huang, L and Priestley, M. (Updated 2013 December 12). Pediatric Metabolic Alkalosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/906819-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2014.

Huang, L and Priestley, M. (Updated 2012 February 17). Pediatric Metabolic Acidosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/906440-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2014.

Byrd Jr, R. and Roy, T. (Updated 2013 April 4). Respiratory Acidosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/301574-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2014.

Couturier, M. et. al. (Updated 2013 March). Metabolic Acidosis. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/MetabolicAcidosis.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed January 2014.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 119-127.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 371-384.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Kellum, J. and Puyana, J. (2006 January). Acid-Base Disorders, Section 8 Chapter 8. ACS Surgery from WebMD professional library [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.acssurgery.com/acsonline/Chapters/CH0808.htm through http://www.acssurgery.com.

(© 1995-2006). Acid-Base Metabolism. Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merck.com.

(2001). Nelson, R. Acid-Base Disorders. University of Utah Medical Student Web Site [On-line information]. Available online at http://umed.med.utah.edu/ms2/renal/Word%20files/i)%20Acid_Base%20Disorders.htm through http://umed.med.utah.edu.

(2003 February 1, Revised). Acid-Base Balance. Merck Manual Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec12/ch159/ch159a.html through http://www.merck.com.

Raghuveer, T. et. al. (2006 June 1). Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Infancy and Early Childhood: An Update. American Family Physician v73(11) [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060601/1981.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 117-125.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 319-329.

(Updated 2007 November 12). Acidosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001181.htm. Accessed August 2009.

(Updated 2007 November 12). Alkalosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001183.htm. Accessed August 2009.

Lewis, J. (Revised 2008 July) Metabolic Acidosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch157/ch157c.html?qt=Acidosis&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2009.

Lewis, J. (Revised 2008 July) Metabolic Alkalosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch157/ch157d.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2009.

Lewis, J. (Revised 2008 July) Respiratory Acidosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch157/ch157e.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2009.

Lewis, J. (Revised 2008 July) Respiratory Alkalosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch157/ch157f.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2009.

Gunnerson, K. and Sharma, S. (Updated 2009 July 22) Lactic Acidosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/167027-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2009.

Hipp, A. and Sinert, R. (Updated 2008 September 11) Metabolic Acidosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/768268-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2009.

Yaseen, S. and Thomas, C. (Updated 2009 August 18). Metabolic Alkalosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/243160-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2009.

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