Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services.

Angina

Print this article
Share this page:

Related Pages

On This Site
Tests: Troponin, CK, CK-MB, Myoglobin, Cardiac Biomarkers, BNP
Conditions: Heart Attack, Heart Disease

Elsewhere On The Web
American Academy of Family Physicians: Angina
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: What is Angina?
American Heart Association: Angina Pectoris  
American Heart Association: Unstable Angina  
American Heart Association: Angina Treatments Illustration 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(2011 June 1). What Is Angina? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/angina/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed January 2012.

Chen, M. (Updated 2011 May 23). Stable angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000198.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Alaeddini, J. and Shirani, J. (Updated 2011 August 10). Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/150215-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2012.

Chen, M. (Updated 2011 May 23). Unstable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000201.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 June 24). Angina. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/angina/DS00994/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed January 2012.

Haber, M. and Brunell, T. (Updated 2010 November 3). Angina Pectoris in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/761889-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2012.

Zieve, D. (Updated 2011 June 28). Coronary Artery Spasm. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000159.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Grenache, D. et. al. (Updated 2011 January). Ischemic Heart Disease – IHD. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/IHD.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed January 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001).Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition. Mosby, Inc. Saint Louis, MO.

Fihn, S. et. al. (2001 October). Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Chronic Stable Angina: Treatment. Ann Intern Med Oct 2001; 135: 616 - 632. PDF available for download at http://www.annals.org/cgi/reprint/135/8_Part_1/616.pdf through http://www.annals.org.

Arnaldo, F. (2004 April 27, Updated). Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001107.htm.

Berger, A. (2004 July 20, Updated). Stable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000198.htm.

Arnaldo, F. (2004 April 27, Updated). Unstable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000201.htm.

(© 2005). Angina Pectoris Treatments. American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4496 through http://www.americanheart.org.

(2003 August). NHLBI: What is Angina. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Angina/Angina_WhatIs.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.

(© 1995-2005). Angina. The Merck Manual Second Home Edition, Coronary Artery Disease [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec03/ch033/ch033b.html through http://www.merck.com.

(2001, November, Updated). Angina and Heart Disease. Familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/233.xml through http://familydoctor.org.

Achar, S. et. al. (2005 July 1). Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome. American Family Physician [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20050701/119.html through http://www.aafp.org.

American Heart Association: Heart Attack and Angina Statistics. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4591 through http://www.americanheart.org. Accessed September 5, 2008.

« Prev

LTO logo

Get the Mobile App

Follow Us