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Antiphospholipid Syndrome

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Tests: Antiphospholipid Antibodies, Lupus Anticoagulant Testing, Cardiolipin Antibodies, Beta-2 Glycoprotein 1 Antibodies, Complete Blood Count, Platelet Count
Conditions: Autoimmune Disorders, Lupus, Excessive Clotting Disorders, Heart Attack, Stroke, Pregnancy

Elsewhere On The Web

National Human Genome Research Institute: Learning About Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS)
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: What Is Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome? 
American College of Rheumatology: Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease 
March of Dimes Pregnancy Complications: Thrombophilias
The National Women's Health Information Center: Autoimmune Diseases - Overview, Frequently Asked Questions
APS Foundation of America, Inc 
Lupus Foundation of America, Inc.: Antiphospholipid Antibodies 
American Society of Hematology: Blood Clotting & Pregnancy

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Updated 2012 May 17). What is Antiphospholipid Syndrome? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/aps/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/. Accessed June 2014.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (Updated 2014 April 15). Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antiphospholipid-syndrome through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 2014.

(Updated January 2014). Antiphospholipid Syndrome-APS. ARUP Laboratories. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/APS.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=1 through http://www.arupconsult.com/. Accessed June 2014.

(Reviewed January 2014). Thrombophilias. March of Dimes. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/thrombophillias.aspx through http://www.marchofdimes.com. Accessed June 2014.

Belilos, E. (Updated 2012 January 19). Antiphospholipid Syndrome. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/333221-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Berg, G.T. (Updated 2013 January 7). Antiphospholipid Syndrome and Pregnancy. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/261691-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(Reviewed 2010 December 15). Learning About Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS). National Human Genome Research Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.genome.gov/17516396 through http://www.genome.gov. Accessed February 2011.

(Revised 2010 August). What Is Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/aps/aps_what.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed February 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pg 71.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 April 4). Antiphospholipid syndrome. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antiphospholipid-syndrome/DS00921 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed February 2011.

Rodgers, G. et. al. (Updated 2010 August). Antiphospholipid Syndrome – APS. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/APS.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2011.

Berg, T. (Updated 2011 January 14). Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome and Pregnancy. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/261691-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2011.

Belilos, E. and Carsons, S. (Updated 2009 August 3). Antiphospholipid Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/333221-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2011.

Ruiz-Irastorza, G. and Khamashta, M. (Updated 2010 October). Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease. American College of Rheumatology [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.rheumatology.org/practice/clinical/patients/diseases_and_conditions/pregnancy.asp through http://www.rheumatology.org. Accessed February 2011.

(2009 July). Thrombophilias. March of Dimes Pregnancy Complications [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/Pregnancy/complications_thrombophilias.html through http://www.marchofdimes.com. Accessed February 2011.

Goldmuntz, E. and Penn, A. (Updated 2010 April 14). Autoimmune Diseases: Overview, Frequently Asked Questions. The National Women’s Health Information Center, womenshealth.gov [On-line information]. Available online at http://womenshealth.gov/faq/autoimmune-diseases.cfm through http://womenshealth.gov. Accessed February 2011.

Seif, A. et. al. (2009 November 18). Management of the Antiphospholipid Syndrome: New Approaches Medscape Today from Int. J. Clin. Rheumatol. 2009;4(5):533-549. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/712112 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2011.

Espinosa, G and Cervera, R. (2009 September 3). Morbidity and Mortality in the Antiphospholipid Syndrome Medscape Today from Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2009;15(5):413-417. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/706960 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2011. 

 

 

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