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Congestive Heart Failure

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On This Site
Tests: BMP, CBC, Urinalysis, Electrolytes, BNP
Conditions: Heart Attack, Heart Disease

Elsewhere On The Web
American Heart Association: Congestive Heart Failure
MayoClinic.com: Heart failure
JAMA Patient Page: Heart Failure 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Updated 2012 January 9). What Is Heart Failure? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed April 2012.

(Updated 2012 March 29). About Heart Failure. American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartFailure/AboutHeartFailure/About-Heart-Failure_UCM_002044_Article.jsp through http://www.heart.org. Accessed April 2012.

Dumitru, I. and Baker, M. (Updated 2012 February 7). Heart Failure. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/163062-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2012.

Schreiber, D. and Nix, D. (Updated 2012 January 10). Natriuretic Peptides. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/761722-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2012.

(2011 November 16). Heart Failure. JAMA Patient Page V 306 (19) [On-line information]. Available online at http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/306/19/2175.full.pdf through http://jama.ama-assn.org. Accessed April 2012. 

Mayo Clinic staff (2011 December 23) Heart failure [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/heart-failure/DS00061/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed April 2012.

Jugdutt, B. (2010 July 22). Cardiovascular Therapy, Heart Failure in the Elderly: Advances and Challenges. Medscape Today News from Cardiovasc Ther. V (5):695-715 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/723852 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed April 2012.

George Blakney Ph.D , FCACB. Clinical Chemist. Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Bishop M, Duben-Engelkirk J, Fody E, eds. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.

Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, and Correlations. Kaplan L, Pesce A, eds. 2nd ed. St. Louis: The C. V. Mosby Company; 1989.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Heart Failure. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000158.htm. Accessed October 2008.

eMedicineHealth.com. Congestive Heart Failure. Available online at http://www.emedicinehealth.com/congestive_heart_failure/page5_em.htm#Exams%20and%20Tests through http://www.emedicinehealth.com. Accessed October 2008.

MayoClinic.com. Heart failure: Symptoms. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-failure/DS00061/DSECTION=symptoms through http://www.mayoclinic.com.

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