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Colon Cancer

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On This Site
Tests: Fecal Occult Blood Test, Tumor Markers, CEA, EGFR, KRAS Mutation
Conditions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Screening: Adults (30-49), Adults (50 and Up)
In the News: Stool DNA Test Gets Nod from FDA Advisory Committee (2014), Colon Cancer Rates Decline, Highlighting Role of Screening (2014)

Elsewhere On The Web
The American Gastroenterological Association: Colorectal Cancer Prevention and Treatment
National Cancer Institute: Colon and Rectal Cancer
American Cancer Society: Colorectal Cancer: Early Detection
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Virtual Colonoscopy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Colorectal (Colon) Cancer 
Colon Cancer Alliance 
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC): Colonoscopy 
Acrobat-Reader_logo.gifJAMA Patient Page: Colonoscopy 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Revised 2011 June 24). Colorectal Cancer Early Detection. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003170-pdf.pdf through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed September 2011.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 August 13). Colon Cancer. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/colon-cancer/DS00035 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2011.

(© 2011). Facts about Colorectal Cancer Screening from the American College of Gastroenterology. American College of Gastroenterology [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.acg.gi.org/patients/crcfactsheet.asp through http://www.acg.gi.org. Accessed September 2011.

(Revised 2011 August 22). Frequently Asked Questions About Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/Healthy/FindCancerEarly/ExamandTestDescriptions/faq-colonoscopy-and-sigmoidoscopy through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed September 2011.

Jarboe, E. et. al. (Updated 2011 February). Colorectal Cancer. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/ColorectalCancer.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed September 2011.

National Cancer Institute. Colon and Rectal Cancers. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/colon-and-rectal through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed October 2011.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

AGA (2001). The Facts About Colorectal Cancer. The American Gastroenterological Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.gastro.org.

AGA (2001). Clinical Practice Recommendations -- People at Average Risk. The American Gastroenterological Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.gastro.org.

CDC (2001, March 9). CDC says colorectal cancer screening rates remain low. Centers for Disease Control [Press Release]. Available online through http://www.cdc.gov.

DHHS (1996). "Screening for Colorectal Cancer" in Guide to Clinical Preventative Services, 2nd Edition, Report of the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. [On-line information]. Available online through http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov.

MedlinePLUS (Page updated 2002, January 2). Fecal occult blood test (FOBT). MedlinePLUS Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007008.htm.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Virtual Colonoscopy. Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/virtualcolonoscopy/ through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov.

Levin B et. al, (2008). Screening and Surveillance for the Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer and Adenomatous Polyps, 2008: A Joint Guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. Published online before print March 5, 2008. CA Cancer J Clin 2008. Available online at http://caonline.amcancersoc.org/cgi/content/full/CA.2007.0018v1 through http://caonline.amcancersoc.org. Accessed March 2008.

American Cancer Society. News release, March 5, 2008. Health Groups Issue Updated Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines—Recommendations Include Two New Tests and Preference for Tests that Detect Precancerous Polyps. Available online through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed March 2008.

The Facts About Colorectal Cancer. The American Gastroenterological Association (online information). Available online through http://www.gastro.org.

(February 26, 2007) Gandey A. Colorectal Cancer Screening Improved With Immunochemical Fecal Occult Blood Test. Medscape Medical News (online information). Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/552714 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed April 2008.

(March 5, 2008) American Cancer Society. Colorectal Cancer: Early Detection (online information). Available online through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed April 2008.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006).  Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 244-245.

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