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Diarrhea

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On This Site
Tests: Stool Culture, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, O&P, Celiac Disease Tests, C. difficile, Fecal Fat, Allergy Blood Testing
Conditions: Celiac Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Travelers' Diseases, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Malabsorption, Allergies, Food and Waterborne Illness
In the News: C. difficile Infections Remain High; Testing an Important Part of Prevention (2012), Listeriosis Outbreak: Labs Pinpoint Source of Illness (2011), Toxin-producing E. coli Outbreak in Germany (2011)

Elsewhere On The Web
AAFP, familydoctor.org: Diarrhea
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearninghouse (NDDIC): What I need to know about Diarrhea
Nemours Foundation, KidsHealth: Diarrhea
CDC: Travelers' Diarrhea
DPDx: Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Control and Prevention of Viral Gastroenteritis. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/8/110824.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed September 2011. 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rotavirus: Clinical Disease Information. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/clinical.html htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed September 2011.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Diarrhea. Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea/index.aspx through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed September 2011.

NIH MedlinePlus. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance. Avaiable online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/fluidandelectrolytebalance.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed September 2011.

MedlinePlus Medical Encylopedia. Diarrhea. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003126.htm. Accessed September 2011.

American Cancer Society. Diarrhea. Available online through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed September 2011.

American College of Gastroenterology. DIARRHEAL. Available online at http://www.acg.gi.org/patients/gihealth/diarrheal.asp through http://www.acg.gi.org. Accessed September 2011.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 273, 887.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 305-306.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1607-1610.

(2007 April, Updated). Surawicz, C. and Ochoa, B. Diarrheal Diseases. The American College of Gastroenterology [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.acg.gi.org/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

(2007 August 30). Chronic Diarrhea. CDC, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cdc.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

(2007 January 4). Diarrhea. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cancer.org/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Norovirus Technical Fact Sheet. CDC, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cdc.gov/. Accessed on 3/15/08.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby’s Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2001 January, Updated). Diarrhea. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, NIH Publication No. 01-2749 [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.niddk.nih.gov.

(2003 January). Traveler's Diarrhea. AAFP, familydoctor.org, Handouts [On-line information]. Available online through http://familydoctor.org.

(1999 August 19). Chronic Diarrhea. CDC, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2003 April). Irritable Bowel Syndrome. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, NIH Publication No. 03-693 [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.niddk.nih.gov.

(2001 August 20). Viral Gastroenteritis. National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/ through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2001 August 20). Rotavirus. National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2003 January 21). Norovirus: Technical Fact Sheet. National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2002 September 03). Antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Mayoclinic.com, Diseases and Conditions [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.mayoclinic.com.

A.D.A.M. editor, Updated (2002 February 28). Diarrhea. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003126.htm.

Hait, E., Updated (2002 February 19). Babies and Diarrhea. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001965.htm.

Kennedy, V. of A.D.A.M, Updated (2001 October 03). Drug-induced diarrhea. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000293.htm.

Muir, A., Updated (2001 December 03). Enteritis. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001149.htm.

Lehrer, J., Updated (2002 November 07). Irritable bowel syndrome. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000246.htm.

Muir, A., Updated (2001 December 03). Stool C. difficile toxin. MEDLINEplus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003590.htm.

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