Food and Waterborne Illness

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Tests: O&P, Stool Culture, Blood Culture, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, CBC, CMP
Conditions: Diarrhea, Travelers' Diseases, Sepsis, Liver Disease, HIV, Reactive Arthritis, Guillain-Barré Syndrome
In the News: Parasite Cyclospora is Latest Culprit in Foodborne Illness Outbreak (2013), Listeriosis Outbreak: Labs Pinpoint Source of Illness (2011), Toxin-producing E. coli Outbreak in Germany (2011)

Elsewhere On The Web
FoodSafety.gov: Report a Problem with Food
Familydoctor.org: Food poisoning
CDC: Step-by-Step Guide to Investigating Foodborne Outbreaks
BC Center for Disease Control: Foodborne and Waterborne Illness  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Water-related Diseases, Contaminants, and Injuries  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Rotavirus  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vital Signs: Making Food Safer to Eat 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Parasites  
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Travelers' Health 
Kidshealth.org: Infections (stomach and intestinal)  
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Bacteria and Foodborne Illness  
U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Foodborne Illness-Causing Organisms in the U.S.: What You Need to Know 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Bad Bug Book: Introduction Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook The "Bad Bug Book" 
March of Dimes: Food-bourne risks in pregnancy 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

(Updated 2012 January 24). Questions and Answers about Foodborne Illness (sometimes called "Food Poisoning"). CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/facts.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2012 February 7). CDC Estimates of Foodborne Illnesses in the United States, CDC 2011 Estimates: Findings, CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/2011-foodborne-estimates.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Modified 2011 May 24). Parasites and Foodborne Illness. USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Fact_Sheets/Parasites_and_Foodborne_Illness/index.asp through http://www.fsis.usda.gov. Accessed March 2012.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 January 10). Food Poisoning. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001652.htm. Accessed March 2012.

Klein, J. (Reviewed 2010 September). Amebiasis. Nemours KidsHealth [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/parasitic/amebiasis.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2010 November 2). Parasites - Water. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/water.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 March 3). Bad Bug Book: Introduction Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook The "Bad Bug Book." U.S. Food and Drug Administration, [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FoodborneIllness/FoodborneIllnessFoodbornePathogensNaturalToxins/BadBugBook/default.htm through http://www.fda.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 September 9). Water-related Diseases, Contaminants, and Injuries by Type. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/disease/type.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

Langer A. J., et. al. (2012 March) Nonpasteurized dairy products, disease outbreaks, and state laws—United States, 1993–2006. [On-line information]. Available online at Emerg Infect Dis v 18(3) http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1803.111370 through http://dx.doi.org. Accessed March 2012.

Jones TF, Gerner-Smidt P. (2012 March). Nonculture diagnostic tests for enteric diseases. Emerg Infect Dis c 18(3) [On-line information]. Available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1803.111914 through http://dx.doi.org. Accessed March 2012.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2010 May 25). Campylobacter enteritis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000224.htm. Accessed March 2012.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2010 May 25). Shigellosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000295.htm. Accessed March 2012.

Gilliss, D. et. al. (2011 July 22). Vital Signs: Incidence and Trends of Infection with Pathogens Transmitted Commonly Through Food Medscape Today News from Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. v 60(22):749-755. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/744862 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2012.

Obasanjo, O. (2010 August 10). Foodborne Illness Primer for Physicians and Other Healthcare Professionals: A Review. Medscape Today News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/726313 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 June 16). Food Poisoning. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/food-poisoning/DS00981/METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2012.

(2012 March 14). CDC research shows outbreaks linked to imported foods increasing. CDC Press Release [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2012/p0314_foodborne.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2010 July 20). Campylobacter. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/campylobacter/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(2005 October 12). Marine Toxins. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/marinetoxins_g.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 May 20). Norovirus Illness. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/gastro/norovirus-keyfacts.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 February 25). Viral Gastroenteritis. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/gastro/faq.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 April 22). Rotavirus Clinical Information. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/clinical.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2011 June 21). Trichinellosis FAQs. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/trichinellosis/gen_info/faqs.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2005 October 25). Yersinia enterocolitica. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/yersinia_g.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2009 July 17). Vibrio parahaemolyticus. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/vibriop/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2009 November 12). Vibrio vulnificus.CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/vibriov/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

(Updated 2012 January 11). Cronobacter Illness and Infant Formula. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/Features/Cronobacter/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2012.

Fisher, M. (Updated 2011 July). Listeria monocytogenes. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Listeria.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2012.

Fisher, M. (Updated 2011 April). Diarrhea, Bacterial Evaluation. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/BacterialDiarrhea.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2012.

Fisher, M. and Hillyard, D. (Updated 2011 April). Diarrhea, Viral Evaluation. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/ViralDiarrhea.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2012.

Fisher, M. (Updated 2012 February). Diarrhea, Parasitic Evaluation. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/ParasiticDiarrhea.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2012.

(Jan 24, 2011) Mahon B. CDC Expert Commentary. Foodborne Illness: A Handy Overview. Medscape News article. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/735505 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed April 2012.

CDC Vessel Sanitation Program. Health Practices on Cruise Ships. Training transcript. PDF available for download at http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/vsp/training/videos/transcripts/water.pdf through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed April 2012.

(Feb 24, 2011) BC Center for Disease Control. Food and Waterborne Illness. Available online at http://www.bccdc.ca/dis-cond/types/Foodborne+and+Waterborne+Illness.htm through http://www.bccdc.ca. Accessed May 2012.

(April 16, 2004) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Diagnosis and Management of Foodborne Illnesses. MMWR. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5304a1.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed May 2012.

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