Fungal Infections

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On This Site
Tests: Fungal Tests, AFB Smear and Culture, CSF Analysis, Susceptibility Testing, Gram Stain, Body Fluid Analysis
Conditions: Wound and Skin Infections, Tuberculosis, Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Lung Diseases, Travelers' Diseases, Meningitis and Encephalitis, Pneumonia

Elsewhere On The Web
CDC: Fungal Diseases 
Doctor Fungus
KidsHealth.org: Tinea 
KidsHealth.org: Pneumocystis Pneumonia  
MedlinePlus: Fungal Infections
American Thoracic Society Patient Information:
Blastomycosis  
Candida Infection of the Bloodstream– Candidemia  
Coccidioidomycosis  
Histoplasmosis

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(March 2011) Mandanas R. Fungal Pneumonia. Medscape Reference Article. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/300341-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(May 21 2012) Hidalgo J. Candidiasis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/213853-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com . Accessed October 2012.

(Aug 26 2011) Fayyaz J. Histoplasmosis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/299054-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(Dec 8 2011) Hospinthal D. Coccidioidomycosis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215978-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(October 1, 2012) King J. Cryptococcocus. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

American Thoracic Society. Fungal Lung Disease. PDF available for download at http://www.thoracic.org/education/breathing-in-america/resources/chapter-9-fungal-lung-disease.pdf through http://www.thoracic.org. Accessed October 2012.

(January 5, 2012) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fungal Infections. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed October 2012.

(March 9, 2011) Rashid M. Tinea in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/787217-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(Feb 8 2011) Varky B. Blastomycosis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/296870-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(Updated August 29, 2011) Vyas J. Valley Fever. Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001322.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2012.

(Updated September 15, 2010) Dugdale D. Skin lesion of coccidioidomycosis. Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000866.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1569, 1570, 1532, 1616.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 629-716.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Candidiasis. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/candidiasis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Aspergillosis (Aspergillus). CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/aspergillosis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Blastomycosis. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/blastomycosis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Coccidioidomycosis. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/coccidioidomycosis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Cryptococcus. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/cryptococcus_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Dermatophytes (Ringworm). CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/dermatophytes_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Histoplasmosis. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/histoplasmosis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

(2008 March 27, Modified). Sporotrichosis. CDC, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/sporotrichosis_gi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Lehrer, M. (2006 October 26, Updated). Fungal nail infection. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001330.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Lehrer, M. (2006 October 16, Updated). Tinea Corporis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000877.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Berman, K. (2007 April 12, Updated). Athlete's Foot. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000875.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Lehrer, M. (2006 October 16, Updated). Tinea capitis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000878.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Berman, K. (2007 April 12, Updated). Jock itch. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000876.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Lehrer, M. (2007 April 12, Updated). Skin lesion KOH exam. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003761.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Berman, K. (2006 October 13, Updated). Wood's lamp. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003386.htm. Accessed on 8-14-08.

Stokowski, L. (2007 November 20). Fungal Skin and Nail Infections: Practical Advice for Advanced Practice Clinicians. Medscape Nursing Perspectives [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/566002 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 8-16-08.

Pappas, P. (2007 May 31). Invasive Fungal Infections: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prophylaxis CME/CE. Medscape [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/556373 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 8-13-08.

(2005 November, Revision). Fungi. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec14/ch180/ch180a.html?qt=fungal%20infection&alt=sh#sec14-ch180-ch180a-1521 through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 8-13-08.

(2005 November, Revision). Fungal Skin Infections. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec10/ch120/ch120a.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 8-13-08.

(© 2006-2008). Yeast-Associated Syndromes. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/InfectiousDz/Fungi/Yeasts.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed on 8-16-08.

(© 2006-2008). Mold-Associated Syndromes. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/InfectiousDz/Fungi/Molds.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed on 8-16-08.

Ellis, D. (2008 February 7, Modified). Calcofluor White with 10% KOH. Mycology Online [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/Laboratory_Methods/Microscopy_Techniques_and_Stains/calcofluor.html through http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au. Accessed on 8-16-08.

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