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Hypertension

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National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure
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American Society of Hypertension
American Heart Association: High Blood Pressure  
National Kidney Disease Education: Diabetes & High Blood Pressure, The two leading causes of kidney disease
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse: High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease
Acrobat-Reader_logo.gifJAMA Patient Page: Hypertension
Acrobat-Reader_logo.gifNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Prevent and Control High Blood Pressure: Mission Possible
American Heart Association: Instructional video - Home Monitoring 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, et al. 2014 Evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA 2014; DOI:10.1001/jama.2013.284427. Available at: http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1791497 through http://jama.jamanetwork.com. Accessed 2014.

(August 2, 2012)  High Blood Pressure. NIH National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed on January 2014.

(December 18, 2013) Borgmeyer, C. 2014 Hypertension Guideline Stands to Simplify Treatment, Says Expert. AAFP News. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20131218hypertensiongdln.html through http://www.aafp.org. Accessed January 2014.

(August 3, 2012) High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/high-blood-pressure/DS00100/DSECTION=symptoms through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed January 2014.

(Updated Dec. 23, 2013) Mardhur, Meena S. et al. Hypertension. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/241381-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed on January 2014.

(Reviewed March 20, 2013) High Blood Pressure Facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm through http://www.cdc.gov/. Accessed on January 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(1995-2005). High Blood Pressure. Merck Manual of Medical Information Second Home Edition Online [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec03/ch022/ch022a.html?qt=%22high%20blood%20pressure%22&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com.

(2003 December). Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) Express [pp xiii and 2-21 of 52 pages]. National High Blood Pressure Education Program [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/express.pdf through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.

Ben-Joseph, E. & Gidding, S., Reviewed (2003 August, Reviewed). Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). TeensHealth, Nemours Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/heart/hypertension.html through http://kidshealth.org.

What Are High Blood Pressure and Prehypertension? Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure, NHLBI [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/hbp/whathbp.htm through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.

(2005 July 1, Updated). Diuretics Best First-step for High BP in Diabetics. MedlinePlus from Archives of Internal Medicine June 27 2005. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_25529.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Note: Source will not be available after 7/20/05.

(2004 August). What is High Blood Pressure? NHLBI [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.

(2004 September, Updated). High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy. Familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/695.xml through http://familydoctor.org.

(2004). Facts on High Blood Pressure. CDC, CVH Blood Pressure Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cvh/library/fs_bloodpressure.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

Bove, A., Reviewed (2000 December, Reviewed). Essential Guide to Hypertension: Accurate Blood Pressure Readings. Medem Medical Library, AMA [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medem.com/medlb/article_detaillb.cfm?article_ID=ZZZVV6DWGLC&sub_cat=74 through http://www.medem.com.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2005 March 29). Secondary high blood pressure: When another disease or condition is to blame. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=HQ01345 through http://www.mayoclinic.com.

Grayson, C., Reviewed (2003 September). Understanding High Blood Pressure -- the Basics. WebMD [On-line information]. Available online at http://my.webmd.com/content/article/54/61467.htm through http://my.webmd.com.

(2005). About High Blood Pressure. American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=468 through http://www.americanheart.org.

(2005). Your High Blood Pressure Questions Answered - Pulmonary Hypertension. American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3025172 through http://www.americanheart.org.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson JL. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. McGraw-Hill Professional; 16 edition (July 23, 2004).

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 418.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 939-940.

(2008 April 30, Reviewed). Make the Kidney Connection, Diabetes & High Blood Pressure, The two leading causes of kidney disease. National Kidney Disease Education [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/resources/make_the_kidney_connection.htm through http://www.nkdep.nih.gov. Accessed on 9/30/08.

(2008 July). High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/highblood/index.htm through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed on 9/30/08.

(2008 August). High Blood Pressure, What is it? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed on 10/02/08.

Stevens, L. (2008 June 25). Hypertension. JAMA Patient Page v299 (24). [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/299/24/2914.pdf through http://jama.ama-assn.org. Accessed on 10/02/08.

(2008 August 7). High blood pressure (hypertension). MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/high-blood-pressure/DS00100 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 10/02/08.

(2012 March 13) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Blood Pressure Facts and Statistics. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed May 2012.

(2012 January 27) Riaz, K.; Batuman, V. Hypertension. Medscape.com (On-line information). Available online at http://medicine.medscape.com/article/241381 through http://medscape.com. Accessed May 2012. 

(2011, April 1). National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. High Blood Pressure, What is it? [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed May 2012.

(2010 November) Familydoctor.org. High Blood Pressure, Overview Symptoms, Risks [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.familydoctor.org. Accessed May 2012.

Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment on High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) Express. PDF available for download at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/jnc7full.pdf through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed May 2012.

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