On This Site
Tests: Albumin, Calcium, Creatinine, estimated GFR, Creatinine clearance, Electrolytes, Erythropoietin, Microalbumin, Parathyroid hormone, Phosphorus, Potassium, Prealbumin, Renin, Urinalysis, Urine culture, Vitamin D, Beta-2 Microglobulin, Kidney Stone Analysis, Kidney Stone Risk Panel
Conditions: Diabetes, Autoimmune disorders, Lupus, Acidosis and Alkalosis, Proteinuria
In the News: Study Says Fasting Necessary for Creatinine Testing (2013), NGAL Shows Promise as Early Marker of Acute Kidney Injury (2013)
Elsewhere On The Web
American Association of Kidney Patients
National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases: National Kidney Disease Education Program
National Kidney Foundation Information Center
The Life Options Rehabilitation Program
Home Dialysis Central
NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.
Sources Used in Current Review
NKUDIC: The Kidneys and How They Work. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed September 2009.
Giles PD, Rylance PB, Crothers DC. New results from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study: the importance of clinical outcomes in test strategies for early chronic kidney disease. QJM. 2008 Feb;101(2):155-8. Epub 2008 Jan 14.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Features - Protect Your Kidneys: Control Diabetes, Blood Pressure. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/features/worldkidneyday/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed February 2013.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
American College of Physicians Complete Home Medical Guide. Goldmann DR, editor. 1999. New York: DK Publishing, Inc. Pp. 694-708, 1037.
Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide. Komaroff I. 1999. New York: Simon & Schuster, Pp. 810-825.
Johns Hopkins Family Health Book. Klag MJ, editor. 1999. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Pp. 1069, 1078-1095.
Kidney Failure: the Facts. Cameron S. 1998. New York: Oxford University Press, Pp. 2-5, 8-10, 15-28.
National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health web site. Available online at http://www.niddk.nih.govhealth/kidney/kidney.htm through http://www.niddk.nih.govhealth.
American Kidney Fund, Inc. Available online at http://www.akfinc.org/KidneyFacts through http://www.akfinc.org.