Liver Disease

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Tests: Liver Panel, Comprehensive Metabolic Panel, AST, ALP, ALT, GGT, Albumin, Bilirubin, PT, AFP Tumor Markers, Total Protein, DCP, AMA, Complete Blood Count, Alpha-1 Antitrypsin, Copper, Emergency and Overdose Drug Testing, Ethanol, Iron Tests, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C
Conditions: Alcoholism, Hepatitis, Hemochromatosis, Wilson Disease, Cirrhosis

Elsewhere On The Web
American Liver Foundation
American Liver Foundation: Alcohol-Related Liver Disease
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Viral Hepatitis
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Liver Biopsy
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Liver
American Cancer Society: What is Liver Cancer?
National Human Genome Research: Learning About Hereditary Hemochromatosis
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: NINDS Wilson's Disease Information Page
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: NINDS Reye's Syndrome Information Page

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Liver Disorders. CHealth. Available online at http://chealth.canoe.ca/condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=176 through http://chealth.canoe.ca. Accessed November 2013.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. (Feb. 19, 2011.) Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease/DS00577/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed November 2013.

Chronic Liver Disease / Cirrhosis. Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Available online through http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org. Accessed November 2013.

Cirrhosis. (Updated Oct. 23, 2013.) MedicineNet.com. Available online at http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/page3.htm#what_are_the_common_causes_of_cirrhosis through http://www.medicinenet.com. Accessed November 2013.

(Update October 4, 2011) American Liver Foundation. Alcohol Related Liver Disease. Available online at http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/alcohol/ through http://www.liverfoundation.org. Accessed December 2013.

(Update: Nov 16, 2012) Longstreth G. Alcoholic Liver Disease. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000281.htm. Accessed December 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

ALF (2001). Your Liver, A Vital Organ. American Liver Foundation [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.liverfoundation.org.

Worman, H., (2001, August 23). Diseases of the Liver. Columbia University. Available online at http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/gi/disliv.html through http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu.

Bacon, B., Hemochromatosis. Carey, W., & Melnyk, C., Viral Liver Disease. Hacker, J., et. al., Alcoholic Liver Disease. American College of Gastroenterology [On-line patient Information]. Available online at http://www.acg.gi.org/acg-dev/patientinfo/frame_giproblems.html through http://www.acg.gi.org.

MedicineNet.com: Liver Overview. Available online at http://www.focusonliver.com/script/main/hp.asp through http://www.focusonliver.com.

Vierling, J. (2001 August 21 last editorial review) Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC), part 1. MedicineNet.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.focusondigestion.com/script/main/Art.asp?li=MNI&ArticleKey=1934&page=2 through http://www.focusondigestion.com.

(1999 March 12 Last Editorial Review). Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis. MedicineNet.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.focusondigestion.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=8572&rd=1 through http://www.focusondigestion.com.

(2006 January 19, Reviewed). Viral Hepatitis A Fact Sheet. CDC, National Center for Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/a/fact.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2006 January 19, Reviewed). Hepatitis B Frequently Asked Questions. National Center for Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/b/faqb.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

(© 2002-2003) What are the Diseases that Affect the Liver? American Liver Foundation [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.liverfoundation.org.

(2006 February 9, Revised) American Cancer Society, What is Liver Cancer. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cancer.org.

(2006 January 25, Updated). NINDS Reye's Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/reyes_syndrome/reyes_syndrome.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov.

(2006 January 25, Updated). NINDS Wilson's Disease Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/wilsons/wilsons.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov.

(2005 August, Reviewed). Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension. Familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/188.xml through http://familydoctor.org.

(2005 January 3). NIH Action Plan Charts Future Challenges for Liver Disease Research. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases [On-line press release]. Available online at http://www.niddk.nih.gov/welcome/releases/01-03-05.htm through http://www.niddk.nih.gov.

(Updated 2007 September 28). The Progression of Liver Disease. American Liver Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.liverfoundation.org/education/info/progression/ through http://www.liverfoundation.org. Accessed December 2009.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 April 18). Liver Problems. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/liver-problems/DS01133/METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed December 2009.

Herrine, S. (Revised 2009 July). Approach to the Patient with Liver Disease, Introduction. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec03/ch022/ch022a.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed December 2009.

Calvaruso, V. and Craxi, A. (2009 October 22). Implication of Normal Liver Enzymes in Liver Disease. Medscape from J Viral Hepat. 2009;16(8):529-536. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/709156 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

Wolf, D. (Updated 2009 December 15). Cirrhosis. Medscape [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/185856-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

Pyrsopoulos, N. and Reddy, K. R. (Updated 2008 September 22). Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171117-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

Bonheur, J. and Ells, P. (Updated 2009 August 29). Biliary Obstruction. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/187001-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

Grenache, D. et. al. (Updated 2009 November). Liver Disease Evaluation. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/LiverDzEval.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2009.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 606-609.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 269-279.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds, (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 1808-1813.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007, Pp 265, 267, 274-276.

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