Lung Cancer

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Treatment

Appropriate lung cancer treatment depends upon the type of cancer, its stage, and its characteristics. Staging evaluates the size of the cancer, its location, and how far it has spread. Treatments may include:

  • Surgery to remove part of a lobe of a lung, a lobe of a lung, or an entire lung
  • Surgery to help relieve symptoms such as airway blockages or fluid buildup
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Drugs that target tumor blood vessel growth (angiogenesis)
  • Drugs that target EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) – tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug therapies such as gefitinib and erlotinib
  • Drugs that target the protein made by an altered ALK gene, such as crizotinib

People who become resistant to available treatments and/or have inoperable lung cancer may want to consider enrollment in clinical trials of new treatments. There are promising areas of research that may offer them additional options. For more on this see Clinicaltrials.gov.

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