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Lung Diseases

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Elsewhere On The Web
American Lung Association: Lung Disease Finder
American Lung Association: Learn About Your Respiratory System
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: Lung Diseases 
American Thoracic Society: Breathing in America: Diseases, Progress and Hope
The Lung Association: Lung 101
The Lung Association: COPD
John Hopkins Medicine: Pulmonary Function Laboratory
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Pulmonary function tests
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Lung Disease
National Cancer Institute: What You Need to Know about Lung Cancer 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology. Asthma Statistics. Available online at http://www.aaaai.org/about-the-aaaai/newsroom/asthma-statistics.aspx through http://aaaai.org. Accessed June 24, 2014.

American Academy of Family Physicians. 2006. Diagnostic Approach to Pleural Effusion in Adults. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1211.html through http://www.aafp.org/home.html. Accessed June 20, 2014.

American Lung Association. Learning More about Asthma. Available online at http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/learning-more-about-asthma/ through http://www.lung.org. Accessed June 22, 2014.

American Lung Association. COPD. Available online at http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/ through http://www.lung.org. Accessed June 22, 2014.

American Lung Association. Lung Cancer. Available online at http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/ through http://www.lung.org. Accessed June 22, 2014.

American Thoracic Society. Anatomy and Function of the Normal Lung. Available online at http://www.thoracic.org/clinical/copd-guidelines/for-patients/anatomy-and-function-of-the-normal-lung.php through http://www.thoracic.org. Accessed June 20, 2014.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis (TB). Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/TB/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed June 21, 2014.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. Why are Newborns Screened for Cystic Fibrosis? Available online at http://www.cff.org/AboutCF/Testing/NewbornScreening/ScreeningforCF/ through http://www.cff.org. Accessed June 20, 2014.

Genetics Home Reference. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency through http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed June 22, 2014.

Greater Baltimore Medical Center. Trypsin and chymotrypsin in stool. Available online through http://www.gbmc.org/default.cfm. Accessed June 21, 2014.

Mayo Clinic. Tests and procedures: ANA test. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/ana-test/basics/definition/prc-20014566 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 21, 2014.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Pneumonia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pneumonia/basics/definition/con-20020032 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 21, 2014.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Pulmonary embolism. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pulmonary-embolism/basics/definition/con-20022849 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 20, 2014.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. What is Sarcoidosis? Available online at https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sarc/ through https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/index.htm. Accessed June 21, 2014.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. What is Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis? Available online at https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/index.htm through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/index.htm. Accessed June 21, 2014.

Portal, José A. Rodríguez, et. al. February 2009. Serum Levels of Soluble Mesothelin-Related Peptides in Malignant and Nonmalignant Asbestos-Related Pleural Disease: Relation with Past Asbestos Exposure. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0422.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(2006 November). Cystic Fibrosis Fact Sheet. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35042 through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/10/07.

(2006 August). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fact Sheet [33 paragraphs]. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35020 through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Weinmann, G., et. al. (2006 March). Lung Disease, Frequently Asked Questions. National Women’s Health Information Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.4woman.gov/faq/lung_disease.htm through http://www.4woman.gov. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Rauscher, M. (2007). COPD Seen to be a Growing, Neglected Epidemic. Medscape Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/556588 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Goodridge, D. (2007 January 29). COPD as a Life-Limiting Illness: Implications for Advanced Practice Nurses. Medscape Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal 2007;6(4) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/551088 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Kaufman, D. (2006 November 13). Lung disease. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000066.htm. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Mal, H. (2007 February 28). Prevalence and Diagnosis of Severe Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/552204 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Sharma, S. (2006 June 5, Updated). Restrictive Lung Disease. emedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic2012.htm through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Lympany, P. and du Bois, R. (2000 January 31). Interstitial Lung Disease: Pathophysiology and Genetic Predisposition. Medscape General Medicine 2(1), 2000 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/408750 through http://www.medscape.com.

Brain, J. (2006 August, Revision). Biology of the lungs and airways. Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec04/ch038/ch038a.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 6/6/07.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2005 July 11). Interstitial Lung Disease. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/interstitial-lung-disease/DS00592 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 6/10/07.

(2006). Flavorings-Related Lung Disease. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/flavorings/ through http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/flavorings/. Accessed on 6/10/07.

O'Reilly, K. et. al. (2007 March 1). Asbestos-Related Lung Disease. American Family Physician [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20070301/683.html through http://www.aafp.org. Accessed on 6/10/07.

(2004 February 12). High-Risk Newborn, Chronic Lung Disease (Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia). University of Virginia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/uvahealth/peds_hrnewborn/cld.cfm through http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu. Accessed on 6/10/07.

(© 2000 – 2007). Pulmonary Function Testing. Harvard Health Publications, Pulmonary Function Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.health.harvard.edu/diagnostic-tests/pulmonary-function-testing.htm through http://www.health.harvard.edu. Accessed on 6/16/07.

(© 2002 – 2003). Pulmonary Function Laboratory. Johns Hopkins Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/pftlab/pftests.html through http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org. Accessed on 6/16/07.

Kaufman, D. (2006 February 27, Reviewed). Pulmonary Function Tests. University of Maryland Medical Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/003853.htm through http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/003853.htm. Accessed on 6/16/07.

(2005). Pulmonary Function Tests in COPD. American Thoracic Society, Patient Education [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.thoracic.org/sections/education/patient-education/index.html through http://www.thoracic.org.

(2006 June 29, Review). Detailed Guide: Lung Cancer - Non-small Cell. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=15 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed on 6/10/07.

(2006 November 23, Review). Detailed Guide: Lung Cancer - Small Cell. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=16 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed on 6/10/07.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 790-795.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 1133-1135.

(2006 August). Asthma and Children Fact Sheet. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/23/07.

(2006 August). Asthma in Adults Fact Sheet. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/23/07.

(2006 November). Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Emphysema. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/23/07.

(2004 December). Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) Fact Sheet. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed on 6/23/07.

(May 2007) What is Respiratory Distress Syndrome? National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Diseases and Conditions (Online information). Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/rds/rds_whatis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed August 2007.

(November 2006) Respiratory Distress Syndrome of the Newborn Fact Sheet, American Lung Association (Online information). Available online at http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35693 through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed August 2007.

(November 2006) Adult (Acute) Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Fact Sheet. American Lung Association (Online information). Available online at http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35012 through http://www.lungusa.org. Accessed August 2007.

Kasper D, Braunwald E, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson J, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. 4th edition, St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006.

Castellan, R. et. al. (Updated 2010 November ). Lung Disease. The National Women's Health Information Center, womenshealth.gov [On-line information]. Available online at http://womenshealth.gov/faq/lung-disease.cfm through http://womenshealth.gov. Accessed April 2011.

(Revised 2010 June). How the Lungs Work. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/hlw/hlw_what.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed April 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 September 15). Lung Disease. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000066.htm. Accessed April 2011.

Grenache, D. (Updated 2011 February). Lung Cancer. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/LungCancer.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed April 2011.

Kanaparthi, L. et. al. (Updated 2009 July 27). Restrictive Lung Disease Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/301760-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2011.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2009 July 10). Interstitial lung disease. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/interstitial-lung-disease/DS00592 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed April 2011.

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