Multiple Sclerosis

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On This Site
Tests: CSF Analysis, Protein Electrophoresis
Conditions: Autoimmune Disorders, Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, Lyme Disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Elsewhere On The Web
Multiple Sclerosis Foundation
The National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS)
National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke: MS Information Page
Multiple Sclerosis Association of America
Multiple Sclerosis Discovery Forum

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(©2011) National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Treatments. Available online at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/about-multiple-sclerosis/what-we-know-about-ms/treatments/medications/interferon-beta-1b/index.aspx through http://www.nationalmssociety.org. Accessed April 2013.

(©2011) National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Diagnosing MS. Available online at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/about-multiple-sclerosis/what-we-know-about-ms/diagnosing-ms/index.aspx through http://www.nationalmssociety.org. Accessed April 2013.

(©2011) National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Diagnosis Criteria. PDF available for download at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/ms-clinical-care-network/clinical-resources-and-tools/core-curriculum/diagnosing-multiple-sclerosis/diagnostic-criteria/index.aspx through http://www.nationalmssociety.org. Accessed April 2013.

(August 14, 2012) National Institute on Neurologic Disorders and Stroke. Multiple Sclerosis. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/multiple_sclerosis/multiple_sclerosis.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov. Accessed April 2013.

(Updated April 2013) Luzzio C. Multiple Sclerosis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1146199-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Espay, A. (2002 May 6, Updated). Multiple sclerosis [20 paragraphs]. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000737.htm.

(2003 August 12). About MS What Is Multiple Sclerosis? National Multiple Sclerosis Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/What%20is%20MS.asp through http://www.nationalmssociety.org.

(2001 July 1, Reviewed). NINDS Multiple Sclerosis Information Page. NINDS [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/health_and_medical/disorders/multiple_sclerosis.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2004 May 7). Multiple sclerosis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=DS00188 through http://www.mayoclinic.com.

Kiriakopoulos, E. (2003 August 10, Updated). CSF oligoclonal banding. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003631.htm.

(© 1995-2004). Multiple Sclerosis and Related Diseases, Introduction. The Merck Manual – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mult-sclerosis.org/oligoclonalbanding.html through http://www.mult-sclerosis.org.

Holland, N. (2003 December). Overview of Multiple Sclerosis. MSNursing, NMSS [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/ms_nursing/overview.asp through http://www.nationalmssociety.org.

(2002 Updated). Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research. NINDS [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/health_and_medical/pubs/multiple_sclerosis.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov.

(© 2004). Immunoglobulin G, CSF Index and Immunoglobulin G/Albumin Ratio, CSF. ARUP’s Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_al9b.jsp through http://www.aruplab.com.

(© 2004). Oligoclonal Banding and Multiple Sclerosis Panel. ARUP’s Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_112b.jsp#1143660 through http://www.aruplab.com.

(© 2004). Myelin Basic Protein. ARUP’s Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a94b.jsp#1142392 through http://www.aruplab.com.

(Updated 2008 December). Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research. NINDS, National Institute of Health. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/multiple_sclerosis/detail_multiple_sclerosis.htm through http://www.ninds.nig.gov. Accessed March 2009.

Minden, S.and Frankel, D. (Updated May 2008). PLAINTALK: A Booklet about MS for Families. National Multiple Sclerosis Society. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nationalmssociety.org/multimedia-library/brochures/managing-major-changes/index.aspx through http://www.nationalmssociety.org. Accessed March 2009.

Dangond, F. (Updated 2008 July 3). Multiple Sclerosis. Emedicine.com. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1146199-overview through http://www.emedcine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Brian R. Apatoff, B. (Revised August 2007). Multiple Sclerosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec16/ch222/ch222b.html?qt=MS&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed March 2009.

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