Signs, Symptoms and Complications
Signs and symptoms of neural tube defects vary from person to person and can change over time. They tend to occur below the defect and may range from few or none, to partial or total lower body weakness, loss of feeling, or paralysis. Complications will also vary. About 80% of those affected will have normal intelligence, according to the Spina Bifida Association, but some will have learning disabilities. Physical complications may include Chiari malformation or hydrocephalus (see Types), gastrointestinal disorders, urinary and bowel dysfunction, obesity, depression, tendonitis, and an increased tendency towards latex allergies.