Pancreatic Insufficiency

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On This Site
Tests: Trypsin, Trypsinogen, Fecal Fat
Conditions: Pancreatic Diseases, Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatitis, Cystic Fibrosis, Diabetes, Endocrine Syndromes

Elsewhere On The Web
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: ERCP
Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome Foundation: Understanding SDS

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Sharma, G. (Updated 2010 December 3). Cystic Fibrosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at through Accessed January 2011.

Spoto-Cannons, A. et. al. (Updated 2009 September 30). Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at through Accessed January 2011.

Delgado, J. et. al. (Updated 2010 November). Malabsorption. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at through Accessed January 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 441-442. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Avaiable online at through Accessed January 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Everhart, J. Digestive Diseases and Diabetes. Chapter 21 [pp 474-476]. NIDDK [On-line information]. PDF available for download at through

Merck. Malabsorption Syndromes, [General]. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy [On-line information]. Available online at through

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography). Available online at through

Durie PR. Inherited and congenital disorders of the exocrine pancreas. Gastroenterologist. Sep 1996;4(3):169-87.

Mack DR, Forstner GG, Wilschanski M, Freedman MH, Durie PR. Shwachman syndrome: exocrine pancreatic dysfunction and variable phenotypic expression. Gastroenterology. Dec 1996;111(6):1593-602.

Spoto-Cannons, Antoinette C. Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome. Article Last Updated: Aug 12, 2008. Available online at through

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