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Pancreatitis

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Tests: Amylase, Lipase, Sweat ChlorideTrypsinogen, Fecal Fat
Conditions: Alcoholism, Cystic Fibrosis, Diabetes, Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatic Diseases, Pancreatic Insufficiency, Endocrine System and Syndromes

Elsewhere On The Web
Pancreas.org
University of Maryland Medicine: Pancreatitis
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: Pancreatitis
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography)
Mayo Clinic: Pancreatitis
KidsHealth.org: Pancreatitis

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Reviews

Pancreatic Islet Transplantation. (Updated Oct. 4, 2013.) National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC). Available online at http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/pancreaticislet/#1 through http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed March 2014.

Barclay, Laurie. (Sept. 6, 2013.) New Guidelines Released for Pancreatitis Management. Medscape. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/810589 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2014.

Gardner, Timothy B. et. al. (Updated Sep. 3, 2013.) Acute Pancreatitis. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/181364-overview#aw2aab6b2b2 through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2014.

Huffman, Jason L., et. al. (Updated Dec. 9, 2013.) Chronic Pancreatitis. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/181554-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2014.

Gregory C. Sephel PhD FACB MT(ASCP). Lab Tests Online adjunct board member. Director Clinical Pathology, VA TN Valley Healthcare System; Associate Professor Pathology, Microbiology, Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Loren, D., Updated (2002 September 9, updated). Acute pancreatitis. MedlinePlus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000287.htm.

Forsmark, C. (2000 June 8, Updated). Management of Acute Pancreatitis. Univ. of Florida College of Medicine / Shands Health Care Grand Rounds Online [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medinfo.ufl.edu/cme/grounds/forsmark2/intro.html through http://www.medinfo.ufl.edu.

O’Rourke, R., Updated (2002 September 9, Updated). Pancreatic abscess. MedlinePlus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000270.htm.

Sarner, M., Assisted. The Pancreas & Pancreatitis. Digestive Disorders Foundation [On-line patient information leaflet]. Available online at http://www.digestivedisorders.org.uk/leaflets/pancreax.html through http://www.digestivedisorders.org.uk.

Owens, M., Updated (2002 September 9, Updated). Chronic pancreatitis. Medlineplus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000221.htm.

Flagg, M. (2001 September 26, Updated). Pancreatitis [Multipart, part I used 39 paragraphs]. WebMDHealth [On-line article]. Available online at http://my.webmd.com/printing/article/4115.20932 through http://my.webmd.com.

Pancreatitis. University of Maryland Medicine, Endocrinology Health Guide [On-line information]. Available onliine at http://www.umm.edu/endocrin/pancreat.htm through http://www.umm.edu.

Munoz, A. & Katerndahl, E. (2001 July 1). Diagnosis and Management of Acute Pancreatitis. American Family Physician, AAFP [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000701/164.html through http://www.aafp.org.

American Family Physician [AAFP]. Diagnosis and Management of Acute Pancreatitis. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000701/164.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Yahoo Health (2002). Chronic pancreatitis. Provided by A.D.A.M. [On-line information]. Available online at http://health.yahoo.com/health/encyclopedia/000221/0.html through http://health.yahoo.com.

Yahoo Health (2002). Acute pancreatitis. Provided by A.D.A.M. [On-line information]. Available online at http://health.yahoo.com/health/encyclopedia/000287/0.html through http://health.yahoo.com.

Merck. Acute Pancreatitis. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/section3/chapter26/26b.htm through ttp://www.merck.com.

Merck. Chronic Pancreatitis. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual/section3/chapter26/26c.htm through http://www.merck.com.

(2004 February). Pancreatitis. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/pancreatitis/ through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Pancreatitis (Online information, accessed December 2006). Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/pancreatitis/ through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography). Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/ercp/ through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov.

Obideen, K. and Wehbi, M. (Updated 2010 November 19). Pancreatitis, Chronic. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/181554-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2011.

Gardner, T. and Berk, B. (Updated 2010 November 19). Pancreatitis, Acute. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/181364-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2011.

(2009 January 17). Pancreatitis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/pancreatitis/DS00371/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed January 2011.

Bradley III, E. and Dexter, N. (2010 January 28). Management of Severe Acute Pancreatitis: A Surgical Odyssey. Medscape Today from Annals of Surgery. 2010;251(1):6-17 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/715072 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed January 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 January 20). Pancreatitis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001144.htm. Accessed January 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 January 20). Acute pancreatitis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000287.htm. Accessed January 2011.

Longstreth, G. (Updated 2010 January 20). Chronic pancreatitis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000221.htm. Accessed January 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 58-60, 619-620.

Gregory C. Sephel. Lab Tests Online adjunct board member.

Whitcomb, DC. Genetic Aspects of Pancreatitis. Annual Review of Medicine 61, Pp 413-24, 2010. Available online at http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.med.041608.121416?journalCode=med through http://www.annualreviews.org. Accessed April 2011. 

Lal A, Lal DR. Hereditary Pancreatitis. Pediatr Surg Int 26 (12) Pp 1193-1199, 2010. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20697897 through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed April 2011.

Lerch MM, et al. Advances in the Etiology of Chronic Pancreatitis. Dig Dis 28 p324-329, 2010. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20814206 through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed April 2011. 

Tietz NW and Shuey DF. Lipase in Serum -- the elusive enzyme: an overview. Clin Chem 39 i5, Pp 746-756, 1993.

Tetrault GA. Lipase activity in serum measured with Ektachem  is often increased in nonpancreatic disorders. Clin Chem 37 i3 Pp 447-451, 1991.

Lott JA and Lu CJ. Lipase isoforms and amylase isoenzymes: assays and application in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Clin Chem 37 i3 Pp 361-368, 1991.

RadiologyInfo.org. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Avaiable online at http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/glossary/glossary1.cfm?gid=805 through http://www.radiologyinfo.org. Accessed January 2012.

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