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Parathyroid Diseases

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Tests: PTH, Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D
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Elsewhere On The Web
National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service: Primary Hyperparathyroidism  
The Hormone Health Network: Primary Hyperparathyroidism 
Endocrineweb: Your Parathyroid Glands 
The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Patient Education Site: Parathyroid Glands: Function  
MD Anderson Cancer Center: Parathyroid Disease 
Parathyroid.com 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Kim, L. et. al. (Updated 2012 November 14). Hyperparathyroidism. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/127351-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Gliwa, A. and Wallace, D. (Updated 2012 March 21). Hypoparathyroidism in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/767744-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Kim, L. (Updated 2013 September 11). Parathyroid Carcinoma. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/280908-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Essig Jr, G. (Updated 2012 July 12). Parathyroid Physiology. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/874690-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 May 13). Hyperparathyroidism. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hyperparathyroidism/DS00396 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

Parathyroid Disease. MD Anderson Cancer Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancer-information/cancer-information/cancer-types/parathyroid-disease/index.html through http://www.mdanderson.org. Accessed September 2013.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2012 October 24). Hypoparathyroidism. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypoparathyroidism/DS00952 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

(Updated 2013 September 11). Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism. Parathyroid.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://parathyroid.com/parathyroid-symptoms.htm through http://parathyroid.com. Accessed September 2013.

(Revised 2011 January 25). Hyperparathyroidism Questions and Answers. MD Anderson Cancer Center Patient Education [On-line information]. Available online at http://www2.mdanderson.org/app/pe/index.cfm?pageName=opendoc&docid=1914 through http://www2.mdanderson.org. Accessed September 2013.

(Modified 2009 March 11). Parathyroid Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). National Cancer Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/parathyroid/HealthProfessional through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed September 2013.

Gonzalez-Campoy, J. (Updated 2012 January 3). Hypoparathyroidism. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/122207-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Goldenberg, D. et. al. (Updated 2013 July 11). Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Parathyroid. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1298768-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Kochhar, A. and Patel, A. (Updated 2013 September 17). Parathyroid Gland Anatomy. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1949105-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Brandi, M. (2012) Hypoparathyroidism: The Hormone Replacement Therapy is Close. Medscape News from Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. 2012;7(3):255-257. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/764939 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

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