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InterNational Council on Infertility Information Dissemination (INCIID)
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The National Women's Health Information Center: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
National Institute of Child Health & Human Development: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Acrobat-Reader_logo.gifAmerican Society for Reproductive Medicine: Hirsutism and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, A Guide for Patients 
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Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Updated 2010 March 17). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), Frequently Asked Questions. National Women's Health Information Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://womenshealth.gov/faq/polycystic-ovary-syndrome.cfm through http://womenshealth.gov. Accessed January 2011.

Ferry, R. (Updated 2010 April 27). Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/924698-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2011.

Meikle, W. and Roberts, W. (Updated 2010 June). Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/PCOS.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed January 2011.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2009 December 8). Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/polycystic-ovary-syndrome/DS00423 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed January 2011.

Moran, L. et. al. (2010 March 11). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Weight Management. Medscape Today from Women's Health. 2010;6(2):271-283. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717899 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed January 2011.

Pinkerton, J. (Revised 2010 January). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (Hyperandrogenic Chronic Anovulation). Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/sec18/ch244/ch244e.html through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed January 2011.

Eisenberg, E. (2010 March 17). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), Frequently Asked Questions. National Women's Health Information Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://womenshealth.gov/faq/polycystic-ovary-syndrome.cfm through http://womenshealth.gov. Accessed September 2010.

Storck, S. (Updated 2010 March 31). Polycystic ovary syndrome. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000369.htm. Accessed September 2010.

(Updated 2009 September 4). Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/256806-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2010.

Cahill, D. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Netdoctor. Available online at http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/womenshealth/facts/pcos.htm through http://www.netdoctor.co.uk. Accessed September 2010.

Azziz R, Carmina E, Dewailly D, et. Al. The Androgen Excess and PCOS Society criteria for the polycystic ovary syndrome: the complete task force report. Fertility and Sterility 91:456-488, 2009. Available online through http://www.ae-society.org/

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby’s Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Bradley, C. (2002 February 4). Ovarian overproduction of androgens. MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001165.htm.

Sadovsky, R. (2001 December 15). Androgen Deficiency in Women: Review of the Subject. American Family Physician, Tips from Other Journals [On-line Journal, info from Miller, KA. Androgen deficiency in women. J. Clin Endrocrinol Metab 2001;86:2395-401]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20011215/tips/6.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Alberta Clinical Practice Guidelines Steering Committee (2001 June, Revised). Laboratory Endocrine Testing Guidelines. Alberta Medical Association [On-line guidelines]. Available online at http://www.albertadoctors.org/resources/endocrinology.html through http://www.albertadoctors.org.

Lobo, R. and Carmina, E. (2000 June 20). The Importance of Diagnosing the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Annals of Internal Medicine 2000;132:989-993 [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.annals.org/issues/v132n12/full/200006200-00010.html through http://www.annals.org.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (2002). Hendrick Health System, AccessMed Health Information Library [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hendrickhealth.org/healthy/index.htm through http://www.hendrickhealth.org.

Smith Waddell, R. (2000). PCOS Frequently Asked Questions. InterNational Council on Infertility, Information Dissemination (INCIID) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.inciid.org/faq/pcos2.html through http://www.inciid.org.

Wozznicki, K. (2003 February 3). An Ovarian Link To Diabetes. MEDLINEplus Health Information [On-line Article, United Press International Science News]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_11520.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov.

Chen, P. (2002 February 7, Updated). Stein-Leventhal syndrome. MEDLINEplus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000369.htm.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). The Hormone Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/learn/pcos.html through http://www.hormone.org.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) (2001 April). The National Women's Health Information Center, 4Woman.gov [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.4woman.gov/faq/pcos.htm through http://www.4woman.gov.

Hunter, M. and Sterrett, J. (2000 September 1). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: It's Not Just Infertility. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000901/1079.html through http://www.aafp.org.

#2023: Polycystic Ovary Evaluation. Specialty Laboratories Test Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.specialtylabs.com/test/details.asp?id=2023 through http://www.specialtylabs.com.

Adrenal Gland Disorders. The Merck Manual of Medical Information--Home Edition, Section 13. Hormonal Disorders, Chapter 146 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mrkshared/mmanual_home/sec13/146.jsp through http://www.merck.com.

Berga, S. (2003 January 23). Weight Loss Improves Reproduction and Insulin Levels in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. AMA Science News Media Briefings [On-line press release]. Available online at http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/article/4197-7204.html through http://www.ama-assn.org.

Ehrmann, D.A. (2005 March 24). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine 2005,352: 1223-1236.

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