Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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On This Site
Tests: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, ESR, CRP, hCG
Conditions: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Screening: Pregnancy

Elsewhere On The Web
CDC: Fact Sheet, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) 
American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (ACOG): Pelvic Inflammatory Disease FAQs
American Academy of Family Physicians: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(2011 March 25) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – CDC Fact Sheet (Online Information). Available online at http:// www.cdc.gov/std/pid/stdfact-pid.htm through http:// www.cdc.gov. Accessed June 2012. 

(2011 May 24) MayoClinic.com. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) (Online Information). Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pelvic-inflammatory-disease/DS00402 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed June 2012. 

(2010 May 18) U.S. Department of Health and Human Sevices, WomensHealth.gov. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Available online at http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/pelvic-inflammatory-disease.cfm through http://www.womenshealth.gov. Accessed June 2012. 

(September 12, 2011) PubMed Health. Public inflammatory disease (PID) (Online Information). Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001890/ through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed June 2012. 

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(Updated 2007 December) PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). CDC Fact Sheet. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/PID/STDFact-PID.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(Reviewed 2007 April). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Department of Health & Human Services, USA (FAQ’s page). [On-line information]. Available online at http://womenshealth.gov/faq/pelvic-inflammatory-disease.cfm through http://womenshealth.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(Updated 2006 September 9). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health: Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000888.htm. Accessed March 2009.

(Published 2009 February 14). Chronic Pelvic Pain. Mayo Clinic. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/chronic-pelvic-pain/DS00571/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2009.

(Updated 2006 November 13). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/pelvicInflammatoryDisease/default.htm through http://www3.niaid.nig.gov. Accessed March 2009.

Haggerty, C. and Ness, R. (Posted 2008 August 11). Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Women’s Health 2008;4(4):383-397. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/576815 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Hill, B. and Lockrow, E. (Updated 2007 December 3). EMedicine and Medscape.com. [On-line information]. Available at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/256448-overview through http://www.emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

<> Reyes, I., et.al. (Updated 2009 February 4). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. EMedicine and Medscape.com. [On-line information]. Available at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/796092-overview through http://www.emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Barclay, L. (Published 2009 January 13). CDC Issues Annual Report on Sexually Transmitted Diseases. CDC and Medscape.com. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586754 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

(Revised 2007 April). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch246/ch246c.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed March 2009.

(Revised 2005 November).Pelvic Pain. Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch242/ch242d.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed March 2009.

(© 2004 September). Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Pamphlet). American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists, ISSN 1074-8601 (ACOG). Available at http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp077.cfm through http://wwwacog.org. Accessed March 2009.

Crossman, S. (© 2006). The Challenge of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. American Family Physician 2006;73:859-64. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20060301/859.html through http://www.aafp.org. Accessed March 2009.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 710-713.

Thomas, C. L., Editor (© 1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary 18th Edition: F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 1428.

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