Treatment varies depending on the reason for the pituitary disorder. When a pituitary tumor is present, surgery may be performed to remove the tumor. Medications may be used to block hormone action, to shrink pituitary tumors to reduce compression symptoms, and sometimes prior to surgery. Hormone replacement may be used to supplement missing or deficient hormones.
The pituitary gland is accessed through the nose in a procedure called transsphenoidal surgery. The procedure is delicate and requires a surgeon who is experienced in the procedure. Targeted radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with other treatments to decrease tumor size and excess hormone production.
Individuals should work with their doctor and/or an endocrinologist, a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the endocrine system, to determine the best course of treatment for them.