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Scleroderma

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Tests: ANA, ENA Panel, Autoantibodies, Anticentromere Antibody
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National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: What Is Scleroderma?
MedlinePlus: Scleroderma 
FamilyDoctor.org: Scleroderma
Scleroderma Foundation
Scleroderma Research Foundation: For Patients
Juvenile Scleroderma Network
National Institutes of Health: Scleroderma Fact Sheet

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Fast Facts About Scleroderma. NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Available online at http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scleroderma/scleroderma_ff.asp through http://www.niams.nih.gov. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/scleroderma.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma. NIH Fact Sheet. Available online at http://report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=68&key=S#S through http://report.nih.gov. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma. FamilyDoctor.org. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/scleroderma.html through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma. MayoClinic.com. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/scleroderma/DS00362/ through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

Current treatments available for scleroderma patients. Scleroderma Research Foundation. Available online at http://www.srfcure.org/for-patients/current-treatments through http://www.srfcure.org. Accessed September 2013.

Dental Care in Scleroderma. Scleroderma Foundation. Available online at http://www.scleroderma.org/site/DocServer/Dental.pdf?docID=313 through http://www.scleroderma.org. Accessed September 2013.

Jimenez SA et al. Scleroderma. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/331864-overview#a0199 through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Jimenez SA et al. Sclerodera Workup. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/331864-workup through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma: An Overview. Cleveland Clinic. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/scleroderma/hic_scleroderma_an_overview.aspx through http://my.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed September 2013.

What is Scleroderma? Pennsylvania Department of Health. Available online at http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/scleroderma/14833 through http://www.portal.state.pa.us. Accessed September 2013.

Understanding Scleroderma. The Johns Hopkins Scleroderma Center. Available online at http://www.hopkinsscleroderma.org/scleroderma/ through http://www.hopkinsscleroderma.org. Accessed September 2013.

Scleroderma - Systemic Sclerosis. ARUP Consult. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/SystemicSclerosis.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed September 2013.

Systemic Sclerosis. University of Michigan Health System. Available online at http://www.med.umich.edu/scleroderma/patients/classification.htm through http://www.med.umich.edu. Accessed September 2013.

American College of Rheumatology. Available online at http://www.rheumatology.org/. Accessed September 2013.

Chatterjee, S. Systemic Scleroderma. Cleveland Clinic. Available online at http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/rheumatology/systemic-sclerosis/ through http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com. Accessed September 2013.

Textor SC, Leung N. Chapter 286. Vascular Injury to the Kidney. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012. Available online at http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=9131034 through http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed September 15, 2013.

Moinzadeh P, Denton CP, Krieg T, Black CM. Chapter 157. Scleroderma. In: Wolff K, ed. Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012. Available online at http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=56076922 through http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed September 15, 2013.

Hummers LK, Wigley FM. Chapter 25. Scleroderma. In: Imboden JB, Hellmann DB, Stone JH, eds. CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Rheumatology. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2013. Available online at http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=57272580 through http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed September 13, 2013.

Gabrielli A, Avvedimento EV, Krieg T. Scleroderma. Mechanisms of Disease. NEngJMed; 2009, 360:1989-2003.

Habif: Clinical Dermatology, 5th ed. Connective tissue diseases, Chapter 17. 2009.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(Reviewed 2010 May). Scleroderma. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scleroderma/default.asp through http://www.niams.nih.gov. Accessed August 2010.

(© 2010). Scleroderma. Arthritis Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arthritis.org/disease-center.php?disease_id=26&df=definition through http://www.arthritis.org. Accessed August 2010.

(© 2010). What is Scleroderma? Scleroderma Research Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.srfcure.org/for-patients/what-is-scleroderma/1412-what-is-scleroderma-expanded through http://www.srfcure.org. Accessed August 2010.

Mayo Clinic staff (2009 June 2). Limited scleroderma (CREST syndrome). Scleroderma. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/crest-syndrome/DS00580/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

Mayo Clinic staff (2010 May 6). Morphea. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/morphea/DS00718/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

Jimenez, S. et. al. (Updated 2010 January 5). Scleroderma. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/331864-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Badea, I. et. al. (2009 September 3). Pathogenesis and Therapeutic Approaches for Improved Topical Treatment in Localized Scleroderma and Systemic Sclerosis. Medscape Today from Rheumatology. 2009;48(3):213-221. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/705176 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Horner, K. and Raugi, G. (Updated 2009 September 22). CREST Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1064663-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Molitor, J. (2009 September). Toward the Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis, Warning Signs the Practitioner Needs to Recognize. Minnesota Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.minnesotamedicine.com/CurrentIssue/ClinicalMolitorSeptember2009/tabid/3178/Default.aspx through http://www.minnesotamedicine.com. Accessed August 2010.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2008 October 17). Scleroderma. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/scleroderma/DS00362/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

Nguyen, J. et. al. (Updated 2010 January 29). Morphea. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1065782-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Schwartz, R. et. al. (Updated 2010 May 26). Systemic Sclerosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1066280-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Webb, L. et. al. (Updated 2009 July 20). Juvenile Systemic Sclerosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/888244-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Hajj-ali, R. (Revised 2008 February). Systemic Sclerosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec04/ch032/ch032h.html?qt=scleroderma&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2010.

Hill, H. and Tebo, A. (Updated 2009 November). Scleroderma - Systemic Sclerosis. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/SystemicSclerosis.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed August 2010.

Ranque B, Mouthon L. Geoepidemiology of systemic scleroderma. Autoimm Rev 2010 Mar;9(5): A311-8. Epub 2009 Nov 10. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19906362 through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed Sept 2010.

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