Often a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are used to treat testicular cancers. Radiation is a common follow-up treatment, especially for seminomas. These tumors are particularly sensitive to it, while nonseminomas tend to be more resistant.
Chemotherapy may also be used, especially when treating advanced or resistant cases. Depending on the tumor's characteristics, AFP or hCG levels may be measured to monitor response to treatment and to watch for possible recurrence. Doctors may also use x-rays and CT (computed tomography) scans as regular monitoring tools.
Testicular cancer treatments continue to evolve. High-dose chemotherapy in conjunction with stem cell (bone marrow) transplantation has offered some encouraging results. Since every case of testicular cancer and every man's response is unique, those affected should work with their doctor and/or cancer team to determine the best course of action.