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Thyroid Diseases

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On This Site
Tests: TSH, Free T4, Free T3, Thyroid PanelThyroid Antibodies, Calcitonin, Thyroglobulin
Conditions: Graves Disease, Hashimoto Thyroiditis, Autoimmune Disorders
Screening: Newborn Screening, Thyroid dysfunction - Adults (50 and Up)

Elsewhere On The Web
American Thyroid Association: Patients & The Public - Thyroid Information
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists: About Your Thyroid
Hormone Health Network: Thyroid Disorders
KidsHealth: Thyroid Disease
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclodpedia: Thyroid Diseases
National Cancer Institute: Thyroid Cancer (PDQ®): Treatment
Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc.

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Schraga, E. (Updated 2014 May 30). Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Storm, and Graves Disease. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/767130-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Hoffman, R. (Updated 2013 February 23). Thyroiditis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/925249-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Singh, R. and Jabbour, S. (Updated 2013 July 25). Euthyroid Hyperthyroxinemia. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/118562-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Ogunyemi, D. (Updated 2012 March 8). Autoimmune Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/261913-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2014.

Meikle, A. W. and Straseski, J. (Updated 2014 April). Thyroid Disease. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/ThyroidDz.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed June 2014.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2012 December 1). Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/basics/definition/con-20021179 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 2014.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2012 November 20). Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperthyroidism/basics/definition/con-20020986 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed June 2014.

(Updated 2012 August 16). Hyperthyroidism. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service [On-line information]. Available online at http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/hyperthyroidism/index.aspx through http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed June 2014.

Hypothyroidism. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service [On-line information]. Available online at http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/hypothyroidism/index.aspx through http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed June 2014.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 943-945.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 431-449.

©2014 American Thyroid Association. General Information. Available online at http://www.thyroid.org/media-main/about-hypothyroidism/ through http://www.thyroid.org. Accessed August 2014.

(Reviewed May 2006) Genetics Home Reference. Congenital Hypothyroidism. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/congenital-hypothyroidism through http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2014.

(April 3, 2104) Daniel M. Congenital Hypothyroidism. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/919758-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(© 1995-2005) Thyroid Gland Disorders. Merck [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merck.com.

(2005 April 5, Modified). Thyroid Cancer (PDQ®): Treatment General Information. National Cancer Institute [On-line information]. Available onlien at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/thyroid/HealthProfessional/page2 through http://www.cancer.gov.

(2003). American Assoication of Clinical Endocrinologists. Information for Patients: The Thyroid Nodule. PDF available for download at http://www.diabendo.com/Thyroid_Nodule.pdf#search='thyroid%20nodule,%20frequency through http://www.diabendo.com.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2004 May 15). Screening for Thyroid Disease: Recommendation Statement. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040515/us.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Ladenson PW et al, for the American Thyroid Association. American Thyroid Association guidelines for detection of thyroid dysfunction. 12 Jun 2000. Arch Intern Med 60:1573-1575. PDF available for download at http://www.thyroid.org/professionals/publications/documents/GuidelinesdetectionThyDysfunc_2000.pdf through http://www.thyroid.org.

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Women's endocrine health. Available online at http://www.powerofprevention.com/w_endocrine.php through http://www.powerofprevention.com.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Hyperthyroidism. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000356.htm. Accessed February 2011.

Medical News Today. Prevalence of Thyroid Cancer Rises Sharply. Article date 24 December 2009. Available online at http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/174787.php through http://www.medicalnewstoday.com. Accessed February 2011.

The Hormone Foundation. Thyroid Conditions & Thyroid Disease: Symptoms & General Overview. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/Thyroid/overview.cfm through http://www.hormone.org. Accessed February 2011.

National Cancer Institute. What You Need To Know About ™ Thyroid Cancer. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/thyroid/page4 through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed February 2011.

MayoClinic.com. Thyroid cancer. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/thyroid-cancer/DS00492 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed February 2011.

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