Vaginitis and Vaginosis

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Tests: Chlamydia, Trichomonas, Gonorrhea, HPV, Herpes, Fungal Tests
Conditions: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Fungal Infections
Screening: Chlamydia & Gonorrhea – Teens, Young Adults, Adults, Adults 50 and Up; Pregnancy: Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Syphilis

Elsewhere On The Web
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: Bacterial Vaginosis Overview  
FamilyDoctor.org: Genital Problems in Women  
KidsHealth.org: Vaginitis  
CDC Fact Sheet: Bacterial Vaginosis  
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Bacterial Vaginosis  
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Vaginitis  
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: Vaginitis  
CDC: Trichomoniasis  
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Vaginal yeast infection  
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Trichomoniasis  
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Vaginal dryness 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2012 February 25). Vagina: What's normal, what's not. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vagina/MY01913/METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2013.

Gore, H. (Updated 2011 October 27). Vaginitis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/257141-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

Samra-Latif, O. (Updated 2012 January 13). Vulvovaginitis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/270872-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

Leber, M. and Tirumani, A. (Updated 2012 April 16). Vulvovaginitis in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/797497-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

Hede, K. (2013 March 7). Vaginal Product Use Common, Linked to Vaginosis. Medscape Medical News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/780461 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

Curran, D. (Updated 2012 April 12). Bacterial Vaginosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/254342-overview#showall through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

Brown, J. and Vermund, S. (2013 March 8). Petroleum Jelly Tied to Vaginal Infection Risk in Study. MedlinePlus HealthDay [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_134738.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2013.

(Updated 2013 February 27). Bacterial Vaginosis. HealthyChildren.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/sexually-transmitted/pages/Bacterial-Vaginosis.aspx through http://www.healthychildren.org. Accessed March 2013.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 October 22). Vaginitis test - wet mount. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003916.htm. Accessed March 2013.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2012 June 26). Vaginitis - self-care. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000566.htm. Accessed March 2013.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2010 September 15). Bacterial vaginosis. Mayo Clinic Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bacterial-vaginosis/DS01193 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2013.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2011 February 5). Vaginitis. Mayo Clinic Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vaginitis/DS00255 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2013.

Soper, D. (Modified 2012 February). Vaginitis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed March 2013.

(Updated 2013 January 25). Vaginitis. Cleveland Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Vaginitis/hic_Vaginitis.aspx through http://my.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed March 2013.

Smith, D. and Ramos, N. (Updated 2012 June 29). Trichomoniasis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/230617-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.

(Updated 2010 September 1). Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/BV/STDFact-Bacterial-Vaginosis.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2013.

Amsel R, Totten PA, Spiegel CA, et al. Nonspecific vaginitis: Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations. Am J Med 74(1):14-22, 1983.

Verstraelen H, Verhelsy R. Bacterial vaginosis: An update on diagnosis and treatment. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7(9):1109-1124, 2009.

Hede K. Vaginal product use common, linked to vaginosis. Medscape Medical News. March 7, 2013. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/780461 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2013.

Barclay L. Vitamin D deficiency linked to bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women. Medscape Medical News. Oct 6, 2010. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/729965 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2013. 

Barclay L. Bacterial Vaginosis May Predict Miscarriage After 13 Weeks' Gestation. Medscape Medical News. Dec 6, 2002. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/445867 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2013. 

Spiegel C, Amsel R, Holmes K. Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by direct gram stain of vaginal fluid. J. Clin. Microbiol. July 1983 vol. 18 no. 1, 170-177.

Hainer B, Gibson M. Vagintis: Diagnosis and Treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2011 Apr 1;83(7):807-815. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p807.html through http://www.aafp.org. Accessed May 2013.

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