Screening Tests for Adults (50 and Up)

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Not everyone in this age group may need screening for every condition listed here. Click on the links above to read more about each condition and to determine if screening may be appropriate for you or your family member. You should discuss screening options with your health care practitioner.

Overview

Screening tests are an important part of your preventive health care. The tests can be used for early detection of some of the more common and potentially deadly diseases, such as cancers, diabetes, and heart disease. These tests can find certain illnesses in their earliest and most curable stages, even before you notice symptoms.

With information from screening tests, your health care provider can work with you to take actions that can improve your health and even extend your healthy years. For example, a routine cholesterol test could reveal your risk for developing heart disease, allowing you to take preventive measures—like lifestyle changes—before you develop a serious condition.

The menu above links you to articles on the laboratory screening tests suggested for adults 50 years of age and older. The articles summarize recommendations from various authorities, and there is consensus in many areas, but not all. Therefore, when discussing screening with your health care provider and making decisions about testing, it is important to consider your individual health situation and risk factors.

For more information on preventive medicine and steps you can take to keep you and your family healthy, read Wellness and Prevention in an Era of Patient Responsibility.


General Sources

American Academy of Family Physicians. Preventive services for healthy living. Reviewed/updated 2/10. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/x1548.xml through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed April 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccines: Recs/Schedules/Immunization Schedules main page. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/default.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed April 2012.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Physical exam frequency. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002125.htm. Accessed April 2012.

US Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2007. Available online through http://www.ahrq.gov. Accessed 4 Feb 2008.

American Academy of Family Physicians. Summary of recommendations for clinical preventive services (rev 6.4). 15 Aug 2007. Available online through http://www.guideline.gov. Accessed 4 Feb 2008.