Doctor talking to a male patient about health
This article waslast modified on June 26, 2018.

Men's Health Month is a reminder for men to take charge of their health by developing healthy habits and getting regular screening tests for common health problems. Screening tests include self-checks, clinical exams, non-laboratory tests (such as imaging tests), and laboratory tests. The focus here is on laboratory screening tests and other tests and conditions related to men's health. It's easy to take these tests for granted, but their power to keep you healthier longer should not be underestimated.

Learn About Health Screenings

Getting routine tests performed even though you have no symptoms can help detect problems early and help you benefit from easier and more effective treatment. It can sometimes even prevent disease. It's easy to take these tests for granted, but their power to keep you healthier longer should not be underestimated. Talk to your healthcare practitioner about getting these recommended screenings. 

Condition Screening Test(s)
Diabetes Glucose Tests, hemoglobin A1c
High Cholesterol Lipid Panel
Obesity Physical Exam and BMI
High Blood Pressure Blood pressure reading
HIV HIV antibody and antigen (P24)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Chlamydia Testing, Gonorrhea Testing, Syphilis Testing
Prostate Cancer PSA, Digital Rectal Exam, PCA3
Testicular Cancer Clinical Evaluation
Colon Cancer FOBT, Colonoscopy

 

Learn About Specific Conditions
Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate, a small, walnut-shaped gland that encircles the upper urethra in men and produces a fluid that makes up part of semen. The prostate gland consists of several types of cells, but almost all prostate cancers begin in the cells that produce the prostate fluid (gland cells). These cancers are called adenocarcinomas. For more information, read the Prostate Cancer condition article.

Related Tests

PSAPCA3, Tumor MarkersUrinalysisUrine Culture

Testicular Cancer

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells that form a tumor in one or both testicles. Males typically have two testicles (testes, gonads) that are located in the scrotum, a pouch of loose skin found below and at the base of the penis. About the size of golf balls, the testicles make sperm and male hormones (mainly testosterone) that regulate the development of sex (reproductive) organs and the adult male maturation process. For more information, read the Testicular Cancer condition article. 

Related Tests

AFP Tumor MarkershCG Tumor MarkerTestosteroneLDTumor Markers

Low Testosterone in Adult Men

What is Low Testosterone?

Low testosterone, or low T as it is commonly called, generally refers to a condition in which a man does not produce enough testosterone. Testosterone is the main sex hormone (androgen) in men and is primarily produced by the testicles. It is responsible for male physical characteristics such as facial hair and muscle mass. Testosterone also helps maintain sex drive, sperm production, bone health, and red blood cell supply. Women also have testosterone but in much smaller amounts.  For more information, read the Low Testosterone in Adult Men condition article.

Related Tests

Testosterone, Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Prolactin, Hemoglobin