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5-HIAA

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Also known as: HIAA; Serotonin Metabolite
Formal name: 5-hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Related tests: Serotonin; Chromogranin A

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Garg, S. (Updated 2014 February 6). 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA). Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2089202-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2014.

Tebbi, C. (Updated 2014 January 27). Carcinoid Tumor. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/986050-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2014.

(© 1995–2014). 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA), Urine. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/9248 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed February 2014.

Frank, E. et. al. (Updated 2013 September). Carcinoid Tumors. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CarcinoidTumors.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2014.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2012 September 9) 5-HIAA. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003612.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed February 2014.

(Updated 2012 July 10). Carcinoid Syndrome. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carcinoid-syndrome/basics/definition/CON-20027127 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed February 2014.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 573-574.

McPherson, R. and Pincus, M. (© 2011). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 22nd Edition: Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 461.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 497-498.

(2005). Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors, A Detailed Guide. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=14 through http://www.cancer.org.

Nanda, R. (2005 April 15, Updated). 5-HIAA. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003612.htm.

Brose, M. (2004 August 3, Updated). Carcinoid Syndrome. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000347.htm.

Zuetenhorst, J. et. al. (2004 July 9). Daily Cyclic Changes in the Urinary Excretion of 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid in Patients with Carcinoid Tumors. Clinical Chemistry [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/content/full/50/9/1634 through http://www.clinchem.org.

(© 2006). 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (HIAA), Urine. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a349.jsp#1152320 through http://www.aruplab.com.

Datta, V. (2005 May 17, Updated). Serum serotonin level. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003562.htm.

Sweeney, J. and Rosemurgy, A. (1997 January/February). Carcinoid Tumors of the Gut. Cancer Control Journal v4 (1) [On-line journal]. Available online at https://www.moffitt.usf.edu/pubs/ccj/v4n1/article2.htm through https://www.moffitt.usf.edu.

Strosberg, J. et. al. (2006 January). Selective Hepatic Artery Embolization for Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Carcinoid and Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors. Cancer Control Journal v13 (1) [On-line journal]. Available online at https://www.moffitt.usf.edu/pubs/ccj/ through https://www.moffitt.usf.edu.

Johnson, R. et. al. (2003 November). Ethanol Origin in Postmortem Urine: A LC/MS Determination of Serotonin Metabolites. Federal Aviation Administration [On-line Medicine Technical Report]. Available online through http://www.faa.gov

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 555-556.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 584-587.

Dugdale, D. (2008 November 10). 5-HIAA. MedLinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003612.htm. Accessed July 2010.

(Revised 2009 June 06). Detailed Guide: Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=14 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed July 2010.

(Revised 2010 March 18). Detailed Guide: Lung Carcinoid Tumor. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=56 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed July 2010.

(2010 February). Carcinoid Tumor. Cancer.Net, American Society of Clinical Oncology [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Carcinoid+Tumor through http://www.cancer.net. Accessed July 2010.

(Modified 2008 May 16) Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®), Health Professional Version [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/gastrointestinalcarcinoid/HealthProfessional through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed July 2010.

Santacroce, L. and Diomede, L. (Updated 2009 November 19). Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/282515-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed July 2010.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 2224-2225.