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Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Antibody

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Also known as: Muscle nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Binding Antibody; AChR Antibody; Myasthenia Gravis Antibodies
Formal name: Acetylcholine Receptor Binding Antibody; Acetylcholine Receptor Blocking Antibody; Acetylcholine Receptor Modulating Antibody
Related tests: Anti-MuSK Antibody, Striated Muscle Antibody, Rheumatoid Factor, Thyroid Panel, Thyroid Antibodies, ANA, Autoantibodies

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(February 19, 2016) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Myasthenia Gravis Factsheet. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/myasthenia_gravis/detail_myasthenia_gravis.htm#3153_5. Accessed April 2016.

(Reviewed June 2015) Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America. Test and Diagnostic Methods. Available online at http://www.myasthenia.org/WhatisMG/TestDiagnosticmethods.aspx. Accessed April 2016.

(March 23, 2016) Shah A. Myasthenia Gravis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1171206-overview. Accessed April 2016.

Meriggioli M, Sanders D. Muscle autoantibodies in myasthenia gravis: beyond diagnosis? Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2012 Jul; 8(5): 427–438. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3505488/. Accessed April 2016.

(July 16, 2012) Penn A, Kaminski H. Myasthenia Gravis Factsheet. Womenshealth.gov. Available online at http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/myasthenia-gravis.html. Accessed April 2016.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2015 December 24). Myasthenia gravis. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/myasthenia-gravis/basics/definition/con-20027124. Accessed April 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Kelly, K. (Updated 2012 March 16). Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2094601-overview#showall. Accessed April 2013.

(© 1995–2013). Acetylcholine Receptor (Muscle AChR) Binding Antibody, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8338. Accessed April 2013.

Haven, T. et. al. (2010) An Algorithm for Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody Testing in Patients with Suspected Myasthenia Gravis. Clinical Chemistry v 56 (6) 1028–1040 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/content/56/6/1028.full. Accessed April 2013.

Sheth, K. (Updated 2011 June 18). Myasthenia gravis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000712.htm. Accessed April 2013.

Sheth, K. (Updated 2011 April 30). Acetylcholine receptor antibody. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003576.htm. Accessed April 2013.

Hill, H. and Haven, T. (2012 August). Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody Testing, For confirmation and monitoring of autoantibodies in patients with myasthenia gravis. ARUP Technical Information [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/ug/tests/iconpdf_127.pdf. Accessed April 2013.

(2009 December). Facts About Myasthenia Gravis, Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome & Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes. Muscular Dystrophy Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://mda.org/publications/facts-about-myasthenia-gravis. Accessed April 2013.

(Updated 2012 August 29). Neurology Myasthenia Gravis Reflexive Panel. The University of Iowa (UIHC) Department of Pathology Laboratory Services Handbook [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.healthcare.uiowa.edu/path_handbook/handbook/test3101.html. Accessed April 2013.

(2013 April 21). Nuromuscular Junction: Myasthenia Gravis. Muscular Dystrophy Australia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mda.org.au/Disorders/NMJ/MG.asp. Accessed April 2013.

(© 2012). Acetylcholine Receptor Antibodies. NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhsggc.org.uk/content/default.asp?page=s1470_1_2. Accessed April 2013.

(Reviewed 2011 December) Myasthenia Gravis and Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies. Quest Diagnostics Technical Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.questdiagnostics.com/testcenter/testguide.action?dc=WP_MyastheniaGravis. Accessed April 2013.

(© 2012). Caring for Children and Supporting Adolescents with Myasthenia Gravis. Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.myasthenia.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ygJC0SZLVZ4%3d&tabid=84. Accessed April 2013.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pg 6.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds, (2005) Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 2518-2521.