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Apo B

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Also known as: Apolipoprotein B-100
Formal name: Apolipoprotein B

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Zieve, D. (Updated 2012 June 4). Apolipoprotein B100. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003502.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2014.

Zieve, D. (Updated 2012 June 4). Familial combined hyperlipidemia. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000396.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2014.

(© 1995–2014). Apolipoprotein B, Plasma. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/80308 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed March 2014.

Delgado, J. et. al. (Updated 2014 February). Cardiovascular Disease (Non-traditional Risk Markers) - Risk Markers - CVD (Non-traditional) ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CVDRiskMarkerNontrad.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2014.

Ford, E. et. al. (2013). Temporal Changes in Concentrations of Lipids and Apolipoprotein B Among Adults With Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes, Prediabetes, and Normoglycemia Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-1991 to 2005-2008. Medscape Multispecialty from Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2013;12(26) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/781844 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2014.

Elhomsy, G and Griffing, G. (Updated 2012 July 10). Apolipoprotein B. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2087335-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Apolipoprotein B Mutation Detection. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing (CLT) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_al68.htm#1872677 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

Angelo, S., Reviewed (2001 November 21, Reviewed). Apolipoprotein B100. University of Pennsylvania Health System Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pennhealth.com/ency/article/003502.htm through http://www.pennhealth.com.

Gianturco, S. & Bradley, W. (1999). Pathophysiology of Triglyceride-Rich Lipoproteins in Atherothrombosis: Cellular Aspects. Clin. Cardiol. 22, (Suppl. 11) 11-7-11-14 [On-line Journal]. PDF available for download at http://www.clinicalcardiology.org/supplements/CC22S2/CC22S207.pdf through http://www.clinicalcardiology.org.

Blanchear, M. (2000 April 22). Lipoprotein Interconversions. University of Manitoba, Tutorials in Biochemistry [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.umanitoba.ca.

(2001 October). Apolipoprotein B, Detecting Familial Hypercholesterolemia. ARUP [On-line Technical Bulletin]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/testbltn/apolipopro.htm through http://www.aruplab.com.

(2002 October 25, Updated). Apolipoprotein B100. MEDLINEplus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003502.htm.

(2001 October 30). Bassen-Kornzweig Syndrome. MEDLINEplus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001666.htm.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO., Pp 110-114.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Winter, W. and Harris, N. Chapter 21: Lipoprotein Disorders, Pp 251-259.

(2006 August). Abetalipoproteinemia. Genetics Home Reference [On-line information]. Accessed on: 4/29/07 Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=abetalipoproteinemia through http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov.

Gandelman, G. (2007 February 7, Updated). Apolipoprotein B100. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003502.htm. Accessed on 4/29/07

Sondheimer, N. (2005 April 20, Updated). Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001666.htm. Accessed on 4/29/07

Kasper D, et al, eds. (2005). Harrision's Principles of Internal Medicine 16th edition, McGraw Hill.

Zieve, D. and Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 May 23). Apolipoprotein B100. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003502.htm. Accessed July 2010.

Ganda, O. (2009 August 31). Refining Lipoprotein Assessment in Diabetes: Apolipoprotein B Makes Sense. Medscape from Endocrine Practice. 2009;15(4):370-376 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/707433 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed July 2010.

Benderly, M. et. al. (2009 February 16). Apolipoproteins and Long-Term Prognosis in Coronary Heart Disease Patients. Medscape from American Heart Journal. 2009;157(1):103-110 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585982 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed July 2010.

Delgado, J. et. al. (Updated 2010 April). Cardiovascular Disease (Non-traditional Risk Markers) - Risk Markers - CVD (Non-traditional). ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CVDRiskMarkerNontrad.html?client_ID=LTD# through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed July 2010.

(© 1995–2010). Unit Code 80308: Apolipoprotein B, Plasma. Mayo Clinic, Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/80308 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed July 2010.

Myers, G. Editor (2009). Emerging Biomarkers for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke. The National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory Medicine Practice Guidelines [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aacc.org/members/nacb/LMPG/OnlineGuide/PublishedGuidelines/risk/Documents/EmergingCV_RiskFactors09.pdf through http://www.aacc.org/members/nacb/LMPG. Accessed July 2010.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 110-114.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 146-149.

Contois J, et al. Apolipoprotein B and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Position Statement from the AACC Lipoproteins and Vascular Diseases Division Working Group on Best Practices. Clin Chem 55(3):407 (2009). Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/reprint/55/3/407 through http://www.clinchem.org. Accessed Sept 2010.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006 Pp 916-917, 928-934.