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Bilirubin

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Also known as: Total Bilirubin; TBIL; Neonatal Bilirubin; Direct Bilirubin; Conjugated Bilirubin; Indirect Bilirubin; Unconjugated Bilirubin
Formal name: Bilirubin - blood

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

2015 review performed by Danyel H. Tacker, PhD, DABCC, FACB, Technical Director, WVUH Laboratory Chemistry & Mass Spectrometry Sections.

Burtis, Carl A. & Bruns, David E. (Editors). (© 2015). Chapter 28: Hemoglobin, Iron, and Bilirubin. Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. 7th Edition: Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 513-519.

Williamson, Mary A. & Snyder, L. Michael (Editors). (© 2015). Wallach's Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests: Pathways to arriving at a clinical diagnosis. 10th Edition: Wolters Kluwer, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 829-831.

McPherson, Richard A. & Pincus, Matthew R (Editors). (© 2011) Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd Edition: Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 297-299.

(August 26, 2015). Jaundice. MedlinePlus (U.S. National Library of Medicine). Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/jaundice.html through https://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed on 9/8/2015.

(February 23, 2015) Facts about jaundice and kernicterus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/jaundice/facts.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 9/8/2015.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

The Cleveland Clinic. Jaundice (online information). Available online through http://www.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed March 2008.

KidsHealth, Nemours Foundation. Jaundice in Healthy Newborns (online information). Available online through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed March 2008.

Pagana K, Pagana T. Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 3rd Edition, St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2006 Pp. 131-135.

(January 22, 2007) MedlinePlus. Bilirubin (online information). Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003479.htm. Accessed April 2008.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri.

Pagana K, Pagana T. Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference. 5th Edition, St. Louis: Mosby, Inc.; 2001.

WebMD. Bilirubin. Available online through http://www.webmd.com. Accessed December 2005.

Pagana and Pagana. Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 4th edition. Pp. 130-135.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Bilirubin – blood. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003479.htm. Accessed January 2012. 

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Biliary atresia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001145.htm. Accessed January 2012.

MedlinePlus Medical Encylopedia. Newborn jaundice. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001559.htm. Accessed January 2012.

MayoClinic.com. Bilirubin test. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bilirubin/MY00094 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed January 2012.

National Heart Lung Blood Institute. Hemolytic anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ha/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed January 2012.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Biliary Atresia. Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/atresia/ through http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed January 2012.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 269-270.