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Blood Culture

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Also known as: Blood Culture (bacterial, fungal and/or AFB)
Formal name: Culture, blood

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Lin, J. (Updated 20012 February 13). Blood Culture. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2093349-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2013.

Hazen, K. (Revised 2013 February). Culture. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed August 2013.

Fisher, M. et. al. (Updated 2013 March 20). Sepsis. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Sepsis.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed August 2013.

Durani, Y. (Reviewed 2012 May). Blood Culture. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/sick/labtest3.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed August 2013.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 October 26). Blood culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003744.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed August 2013.

Flayhart, D. (2012 March). Blood cultures and detection of sepsis. Medical Laboratory Observer [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mlo-online.com/articles/201203/blood-cultures-and-detection-of-sepsis.php through http://www.mlo-online.com. Accessed August 2013.

Andrew Hemmert, A. and Garrone, N. (2013 June) Rapid methods for pathogen detection in bloodstream infections. Medical Laboratory Observer [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mlo-online.com/articles/201306/rapid-methods-for-pathogen-detection-in-bloodstream-infections.php through http://www.mlo-online.com. Accessed August 2013.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 166-167.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007 Pp 1189-1191.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS, Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007, Pp 778-781.

Cunha B (July 13, 2012). Bacterial Sepsis. Medscape Reference article. Avaialble online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/234587-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2013.

(June 27, 2012) FDA Press Release. FDA allows marketing of first test to identify certain bacteria associated with bloodstream infections. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm309950.htm through http://www.fda.gov. Accessed September 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Bonow, R. (Committee Member) et. al. (1998). ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease -- IV. Evaluation and Management of Infective Endocarditis -- A. Antimicrobial Therapy. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease) [On-line report]. Available online at http://216.185.112.5/presenter.jhtml?identifier=9500 through http://216.185.112.5.

Medical Encyclopedia. Sepsis. Drkoop.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.drkoop.com/conditions/ency/article/000666.htm through http://www.drkoop.com.

Bailey and Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, 10th ed. (1998) B.A. Forbes, D.F. Sahm, and A. S. Weissfeld (ed.), Mosby, Inc. Pg. 283-304.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 172-173.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 1532-1535.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, MO. Pp 778-797.

Shapiro, N. et. al. (2008 November 06). Who Needs a Blood Culture? A Prospective Derived and Validated Prediction Rule. Medscape from the Journal of Emergency Medicine [On-line information] Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/581631 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

Smith, D. S. (Updated 2007 December 03). Blood Culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003744.htm. Accessed May 2009.

Barenfanger, J. et. al. (2009 January 27). Decreased Mortality Associated With Prompt Gram Staining of Blood Cultures. Medscape from American Journal of Clinical Pathology [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585709 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

Cunha, B. (2008 August 1). Sepsis, Bacterial. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/234587-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

Weil, M. H. (Revised 2007 December). Sepsis and Septic Shock. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec06/ch068/ch068a.html through http://www.merck.com. Accessed May 2009.

Anderson-Berry, A. et. al. (Updated 2008 November 6). Neonatal Sepsis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/978352-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

Diab, M. et. al. (2008 May 28). Rapid Identification of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci Bacteremia Among Intensive Care Unit Patients. Medscape Today from The Medscape Journal of Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/572647 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

(January 2, 2008) US Food and Drug Administration. Press Release: FDA Clears First Quick Test For Drug-Resistant Staph Infections. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm161552.htm through http://www.fda.gov. Accessed July 2009.