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Blood Gases

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Also known as: Arterial Blood Gases; ABGs
Formal name: Arterial Blood Gas Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Blood Gases. (Updated Sept. 1, 2012.) Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003855.htm. Accessed October 2013.

Venous Blood. The Free Medical Dictionary. Available online at http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/venous+blood through http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com. Accessed October 2013.

WebMD. Arterial Blood Gases. Available online at http://www.webmd.com/lung/arterial-blood-gases through http://www.webmd.com. Accessed October 2013.

GLOBALRPh. Arterial Blood Bases. Available online at http://www.globalrph.com/abg_analysis.htm through http://www.globalrph.com. Accessed October 2013.

Healthline. Blood Gas Test. Available online at http://www.healthline.com/health/blood-gases through http://www.healthline.com. Accessed October 2013.

Fraser, Anna and Ong, Yee Ean. Interpreting Arterial Blood Gases. Medscape. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/763010 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2013.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. What is Oxygen Therapy? Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/oxt/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed October 2013.

Christine L. Snozek, PhD. Lab Tests Online adjunct board member.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Healthcare Product Comparison System (February 2000). Blood Gas/pH Analyzers. ECRI (Emergency Care Research Institute) [On-line serial]. Available online at http://www.ecri.org/documents/453052.htm through http://www.ecri.org.

MEDLINEplus (27 May 2001). Medical Encyclopedia: Cord Blood. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. MEDLINEplus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003403.htm.

MEDLINEplus (3 October 2001). Medical Encyclopedia: Arterial Stick. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. MEDLINEplus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003422.htm.

MEDLINEplus (3 October 2001). Medical Encyclopedia: Blood Gases. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. MEDLINEplus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003855.htm.

Product Showcase (2001). Product Showcase: Blood gas. RT Magazine, The Journal for Respiratory Care Practitioners [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.rtmagazine.com/Articles.ASP?articleid=R0006D05 through http://www.rtmagazine.com.

Rhoades, J. (29 September1997) Arterial Blood Gases (ABG). About (http://about.com) [On-line information]. Available online at http://asthma.miningco.com/library/weekly/aa092997.htm through http://asthma.miningco.com.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (1999). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 4th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Locke, J. (1996, Reviewed 2001) Blood Collection, Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs). Medical Laboratory Service Procedure Manual (Bozeman, MT). [ABG collection procedure]. Available E-mail: jtechwriter@yahoo.com

Blood gases (2001) Blood gases. Cornell University, Cornell Veterinary Medicine [On-line information]. Previously available online at http://web.vet.cornell.edu/public/popmed/clinpath/cpPage/bgintro.htm.

Salvador F. Sena, PhD, DABCC. Associate Medical Director, Clinical Chemistry, Danbury Hospital, Danbury, CT, American Association for Clinical Chemistry member.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 117-125.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 322, 469.

Dugdale, III, D. (Updated 2008 August 10). Blood gases. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information] Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003855.htm. Accessed February 2010.

Paxton, A. (2007 August). Blood gas analyzers—the old and the new. CAP Today [On-line information] Available online through http://www.cap.org. Accessed February 2010.

Lehman, C. et. al. (Updated 2009 May). Metabolic Acidosis. ARUP Consult [On-line information] Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/RenalDz/MetabolicAcidosis.html# through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2010.

Canham, E. and Beuther, D. (©2007). Interpreting Arterial Blood Gases. American College of Chest Physicians, Pulmonary and Critical Care Update [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.chestnet.org/accp/pccu/interpreting-arterial-blood-gases?page=0,3 through http://www.chestnet.org. Accessed February 2010.

Priestley, M. and Huh, J. (Updated 2008 February 12). Respiratory Failure, eMedicine [On-line information] Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/908172-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2010.

McCarthy, K and Dweik, R. (Updated 2008 October 29). Pulmonary Function Testing. eMedicine [On-line information] Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/303239-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2010.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pp 83-84, 457-458.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Hemoglobin derivatives. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003371.htm. Accessed February 2011. 

Mack, Elizabeth. Focus on Diagnosis: Co-oximetry . Pediatrics in Review. 2007; 28:73-74. doi:10.1542/pir.28-2-73. Available online at http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/cgi/content/extract/28/2/73 through http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org. Accessed February 2011.