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Blood Typing

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Also known as: Blood Group; Rh Factor
Formal name: ABO Group and Rh Type
Related tests: Direct Antiglobulin Test, RBC Antibody Screen, Compatibility Testing, Crossmatch, RBC Antibody Identification, HLA Testing

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Blood Types. American Red Cross. Available online at http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-types through http://www.redcrossblood.org. Copyright 2014. Accessed October 24, 2014.

Testing and Procedures: Blood Transfusion. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/blood-transfusion/basics/risks/prc-20021256 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Last updated April 26, 2012. Accessed October 24, 2014.

Rare Donor Program. Lifeshare Blood Centers. Available online at http://www.lifeshare.org/services/rare-donor-program through http://www.lifeshare.org. Copyright 2014. Accessed October 27, 2014.

Blood Types: Distribution Stats, Interesting Facts. Blood Banker. Available online at http://bloodbanker.com/plasma/plasma-donation/blood-donation-terms/ through http://bloodbanker.com. Accessed October 28, 2014.

(Updated Oct 29, 2014) Gonsorcik V. ABO Grouping. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1731198-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2014.

(Updated Nov 6, 2013) Gonsorcik V. Rh Typing. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1731214-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2006). Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Test 3rd Edition: Mosby, Elsevier, Saint Louis, MO., Pp. 141-145.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007, Ch. 34.

Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Blood Typing (Online information, accessed October 2007). Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003345.htm.

(September 2007) National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Diseases and Conditions Index: Blood Transfusion (Online information). Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/bt/bt_whatis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed November 2007.

(June 2005) Nemours Foundation. Kids Health: What You Need to Know in an Emergency (Online information). Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/home/healthin.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed October 2007.

(July 2007) AABB. About Blood and Cellular Therapies: Blood FAQ (Online information). Available online at http://www.aabb.org/Content/About_Blood/FAQ/bloodfaq.htm through http://www.aabb.org. Accessed October 2007.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007, Ch. 34.

(February 5, 2010) Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia: Blood Typing (Online information). Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003345.htm. Accessed July 2011.

(July September 20097) National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Diseases and Conditions Index. Blood Transfusion (Online information). Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/bt/bt_whatis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed July 2011.

(©2011July 2007) AABB. About Blood and Cellular Therapies: Blood FAQ. Available online at http://www.aabb.org/Content/About_Blood/FAQ/bloodfaq.htm through http://www.aabb.org. Accessed July 2011.

(©2011) National American Red Cross. Learn About Blood. Available online at http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood through http://www.redcrossblood.org. Accessed July 2011.

(November 20, 2009) Sandler G. Transfusion Reactions. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/206885-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed July 2011.

(November 4, 2009) Salem L. Rh Incompatibility. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/797150-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed July 2011.