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Bone Marrow Aspiration
and Biopsy

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Also known as: Bone Marrow; Bone Marrow Examination
Formal name: Bone Marrow Aspiration; Bone Marrow Biopsy

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology. 12th ed. Greer J, Foerster J, Rodgers G, Paraskevas F, Glader B, Arber D, Means R, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: 2009, Pp 10-16.

Harmening D. Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis., Fifth Edition, F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, 2009, Pp 47-52, 54-57.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2011, Pp 531-535.

(Update February 21, 2013) Wise-Draper T. Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy. Medscape Reference article. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/207575-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2013.

(Updated August 22, 2013) Panchbhavi V. Bone Marrow Anatomy. Medscape Reference article. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1968326-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2013.

(December 20, 2011) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. What Are Bone Marrow Tests? Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bmt/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed October 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Nanda, R. (2005 February 3, Updated). Bone marrow aspiration. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003658.htm.

Vergidis, D. (2004 June 28). Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic2971.htm#section~procedure through http://www.emedicine.com.

Nanda, R. (2005 February 1, Updated). Bone marrow biopsy. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003934.htm.

(©1999-2003). Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. Dr. Joseph F. Smith Medical Library [On-line information]. Available online at http://chclibrary.org/micromed/00040370.html through http://chclibrary.org.

Falck, T. (© 2003). Bone Marrow Biopsy. Emedicine Consumer Health [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicinehealth.com/articles/4945-1.asp# through http://www.emedicinehealth.com.

(© 1995-2005). Bone Marrow Examination. Merck Manual Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec14/ch170/ch170c.html?qt=%22bone%20marrow%22&alt=sh#fg170_1 through http://www.merck.com.

(© 1995-2005). Stem Cell Transplantation. Merck Manual Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/print/sec16/ch187/ch187h.html through http://www.merck.com.

Sondheimer, N. (2005 April 20). Bone Marrow Aspiration And Biopsy. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Previously available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/print/ency/article/003935.htm.

(April 2002). Bone and Marrow Stem Cell Transplantation: Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma. The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org/attachments/National/br_1018986496.pdf through http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 183-188.

Corinne Goldberg, C. et. al (2008 April 7, Updated). Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/207575-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Dugdale, D., Updated (2008 July 11, Updated). Bone marrow aspiration. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003658.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Dugdale, D., Updated (2008 July 11, Updated). Bone marrow biopsy. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003934.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2007 November 15). Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bone-marrow-biopsy/MY00305 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Riley, R. et. al An Illustrated Guide to Performing the Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy. Virginia Commonwealth University Department of Pathology [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.pathology.vcu.edu/education/lymph/How%20to%20Marrow.pdf through http://www.pathology.vcu.edu. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 1163.