NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.
Sources Used in Current Review
(Updated Nov. 17, 2011.) Calcium – Blood Test. National Institutes of Health, Medline Plus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003477.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2013.
(Updated Sept. 20, 2010.) Calcium (Ca) in Blood. WebMD. Available online at http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/calcium-ca-in-blood through http://www.webmd.com. Accessed October 2013.
Labriola L, Wallemacq P, Gulbis B, Jadoul M. The impact of the assay for measuring albumin on corrected (‘adjusted’) calcium concentrations. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. (2009) 24 (6): 1834-1838. Available online at http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/6/1834.long through http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org. Accessed February 2014.
Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. 4th edition, St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 1896-1897.
Gregory C. Sephel PhD FACB MT(ASCP). Lab Tests Online adjunct board member. Director Clinical Pathology, VA TN Valley Healthcare System; Associate Professor Pathology, Microbiology, Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Stephen E. Kahn, PhD, DABCC. Professor, Pathology, Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy; Associate Director, Clinical Laboratories; Section Chief, Chemistry, Toxicology and Near Patient Testing; Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL.
Mary F. Burritt, PhD. Professor of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Biochemistry/Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 222-225.
Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Winter, w. and Harris, N. Chapter 34: Calcium Biology and Disorders. Pp 387-397.
Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].
Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Bishop M, Fody E, Schoeff L, eds. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.
Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, and Correlations. Kaplan L, Pesce A, Kazmierczak, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis: The C. V. Mosby Company; 2002.
A Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests (seventh edition). Fischbach F, Dunning M, editor. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003.
Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis C, Ashwood E, Bruns D, eds. St. Louis: Elsevier Inc., 2006.
ACP Medicine: VI Diseases of Calcium Metabolism and Metabolic Bone Disease. Holt E, Inzucchi S. American College of Physicians, Aug 2005. (Online reference, accessed July 2007) Available online through http://www.acpmedicine.com.
Dugdale, D. (Updated 2009 November 15). Calcium – blood test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003477.htm. Accessed May 2010.
Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 May 29). Hypercalcemia. MayoClinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/hypercalcemia/DS00976/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed May 2010.
Hemphill, R. (Updated 2009 August 5). Hypercalcemia. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/766373-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2010.
Beach, C. (Updated 2010 March 29). Hypocalcemia. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/767260-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2010.
Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 222-225.
Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 198-207.
(October 2007) National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearininghouse. Kidney stones in Adults. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/stonesadults/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed Sept 2010.