NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.
Sources Used in Current Review
American Heart Association. 2013 Prevention Guidelines Tools: CV Risk Calculator. Available online at http://my.americanheart.org/professional/StatementsGuidelines/PreventionGuidelines/Prevention-Guidelines_UCM_457698_SubHomePage.jsp through http://my.americanheart.org. Accessed June 2014.
2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk. Circulation. Published online November 12, 2013. Available online at http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2013/11/11/01.cir.0000437741.48606.98.full.pdf+html through http://circ.ahajournals.org. Accessed June 2014.
Cleveland Clinic. Blood Tests to Determine Risk of Coronary Artery Disease. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/diagnostics-testing/laboratory-tests/blood-tests-to-determine-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease.aspx through http://my.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed June 2014.
Cleveland Clinic. Electrocardiograph Tests. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/diagnostics-testing/electrocardiograph-tests/default.aspx through http://my.clevelandclinic.org. Accessed June 2014.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. What Are Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors? Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hd/ through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed June 2014.
Mayo Clinic. How important is cholesterol ratio? Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/expert-answers/cholesterol-ratio/FAQ-20058006 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed July 2014.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA (2001) 285: 2486-2497.
Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlation. 3rd Edition. Lawrence A. Kaplan and Amadeo J. Pesce, St. Louis, MO. Mosby, 1996.
Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Michael L. Bishop, Janet L. Duben-Engelkirk, Edward P. Fody. Lipincott Williams & Wilkins, 4th Edition.
American Heart Association. Heart Attack/Coronary Heart Disease Risk Assessment. Available online at http://www.heart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3003499 through http://www.heart.org. Accessed October 2008.
(July 3, 2008) MayoClinic.com. Coronary artery disease: Tests and Diagnosis. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/coronary-artery-disease/DS00064/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed October 2008.
(March 30, 2007) Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Coronary Heart Disease. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007115.htm. Accessed Octorber 2008.
(May 2001) Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). PDF available for download at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed October 2008.