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Catecholamines

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Also known as: Dopamine; Epinephrine; Norepinephrine; Free Urine Catecholamines; Fractionated Catecholamines
Formal name: Catecholamines, Plasma and Urine

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 September 26). Pheochromocytoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000340.htm. Accessed December 2011.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 February 1). Catecholamines – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003561.htm. Accessed December 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 June 1). Catecholamines – urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003613.htm. Accessed December 2011.

Mayo Clinic staff (2011 April 5). Pheochromocytoma. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/pheochromocytoma/DS00569/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed December 2011.

Frank, E. et. al. (Updated 2011 June). Pheochromocytoma. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Pheochromocytoma.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2011.

Blake, M. and Sweeney, A. (Updated 2011 October 19). Pheochromocytoma. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/124059-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 1023-1026.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Martell, B. Updated (2003 May 20, Updated). Catecholamines – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003561.htm.

Webner, D. Updated (2003 August 18, Updated). Catecholamines – urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003613.htm.

Brose, M. Updated (2004 August 3, Updated). Pheochromocytoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000340.htm.

(2002 December, Reviewed). Pheochromocytoma. UrologyHealth.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://urologyhealth.org/adult/index.cfm?cat=02&topic=114 through http://urologyhealth.org.

(© 2005). Catecholamines, Plasma and Urine Free. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a141.jsp#1059229 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

(1998 May 27, Updated) Adrenal Medullary Hormones. Colorado State University, Hypertexts for Biological Sciences [On-line hypertextbook]. Available online at http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/endocrine/adrenal/medhormones.html through http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby’s Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 987-990.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 226-230.

Pacak, K. et. al. (2007 March 21). Pheochromocytoma: Recommendations for Clinical Practice from the First International Symposium. Medscape from Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/553428 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 8-24-08.

Sweeney, A. et. al. (2007 September 11, Updated). Pheochromocytoma. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/TOPIC1816.HTM through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 8-24-08.

Van Voorhees, B. (2007 May 17, Updated). Catecholamines – urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003613.htm. Accessed on 8-24-08.

Van Voorhees, B. (2007 January 22, Updated). Catecholamines – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003561.htm. Accessed on 8-24-08.

Nanda, R. (2006 September 11, Updated). Pheochromocytoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000340.htm. Accessed on 8-24-08.

Levy, A. (2006 May 22, Updated). Neuroblastoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001408.htm. Accessed on 8-24-08.