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CK

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Also known as: Total CK; Creatine Phosphokinase; CPK
Formal name: Creatine Kinase

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Zieve, D. (Updated 2012 September 14). Creatine phosphokinase test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003503.htm. Accessed December 2012.

Junpaparp, P. et. al. (Updated 2012 November 28). Creatine Kinase. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2074023-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2012.

Schreiber, D. and Miller, S. (Updated 2011 March 29). Use of Cardiac Markers in the Emergency Department. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/811905-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Creatine Kinase (CK), Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8336 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed December 2012.

Lehman, C. and Meikle, A. (Updated 2012 November). Ischemic Heart Disease. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/IHD.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 322-325.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 300-303.

McPherson, R. and Pincus, M. (© 2011). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 22nd Edition: Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 439-440.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 September 19). Rhabdomyolysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000473.htm. Accessed January 2013.

Bethel, C. (Updated 2012 March 9) Myopathies. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/759487-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2013.

Do, T. (Updated 2012 September 21). Muscular Dystrophy. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1259041-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2013.

Eyal Muscal, E. and Morales DeGuzman, M. (Updated 2012 June 22). Rhabdomyolysis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1007814-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed January 2013.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. NINDS Kennedy's Disease Information Page. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/kennedys/kennedys.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov. Accessed November 2014.

Barkhaus, PE et al. Kennedy Disease Workup. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1172604-workup through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2014.

Better Health Channel. Kennedy's disease. Available online at http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Kennedy's_disease through http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au. Accessed November 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp. 306-309.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: CPK. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003503.htm. Accessed February 2009.