1. How can I tell if my cytomegalovirus (CMV) has reactivated?
If you are a reasonably healthy person, you will probably not have a symptomatic reactivation or may have mild flu-like symptoms. If you are immune-compromised, you may have more serious symptoms associated with your lungs, digestive tract, or eyes. In this case, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider about your health concerns.
2. If I have or had CMV, can I spread it to others?
If you have a new or prior infection with CMV, you can spread it to others even if you aren't showing signs or symptoms. Nevertheless, you must be in close contact with others in order to transmit the virus. It can be spread through several types of body fluids, including saliva, breast milk, vaginal fluids, semen, urine, and blood.
Currently, there is no vaccine available for CMV. Careful hygiene can help prevent transmission of the virus. But, since CMV is very common, is present in most body fluids, and is passed through close contact, most people are infected when they are babies. It has been estimated that as many as 70% of children in daycare have been exposed to CMV.
This article was last reviewed on January 14, 2015. | This article was last modified on January 14, 2015.
The review date indicates when the article was last reviewed from beginning to end to ensure that it reflects the most current science. A review may not require any modifications to the article, so the two dates may not always agree.
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