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CMV Tests

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Also known as: Cytomegalovirus; CMV Blood Test; CMV IgG; CMV IgM
Formal name: Cytomegalovirus Antibody, IgG and IgM; Cytomegalovirus by PCR; Cytomegalovirus Culture

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Akhter, K. and Wills, T. (Updated 2014 April 7). Cytomegalovirus. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215702-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2014.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2012 August 15). Acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000568.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed November 2014.

Vyas, J. (Updated 2013 September 1). CMV serology test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003546.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed November 2014.

Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2014 April 4). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cmv/basics/definition/CON-20029514?p=1 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed November 2014.

(Updated 2013 July). Cytomegalovirus. FamilyDoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/cytomegalovirus.printerview.all.html through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed November 2014.

(© 1995– 2014). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Antibodies, IgM, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories Interpretive Handbook [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/interpretive-guide/?alpha=C&unit_code=34971 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed November 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2002 October 26). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection. National Center for Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/cmv.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2004). Cytomegalovirus. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a191.jsp#1372836 through http://www.aruplab.com.

Bonham, C. (2000). Prevention and Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Liver and Intestinal Transplantation. Medscape Transplantation 1(2), 2000 [From 'Nonsurgical Issues in Liver Transplantation,' a conference sponsored by MedImmune, Inc., Miami, Florida, June 2-4, 2000]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/408776 through http://www.medscape.com.

(2004) Cytomegalovirus Infection in Pregnancy. March of Dimes, Professionals and Researchers, Quick Reference and Fact Sheets [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/681_1195.asp through http://www.marchofdimes.com.

Muir, A. (2002 January 29). CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000667.htm.

Kotton, C. (2002 February 22). CMV – pneumonia. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000664.htm.

Kotton, C. (2002 February 22). CMV retinitis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000665.htm.

Spruance, S. Cytomegalovirus Infection. The Merck Manual – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual_home2/sec17/ch198/ch198g.htm through http://www.merck.com.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA by PCR, Qualitative. LabCorp Facets [On-line information].

Rawlinson, W. and Scott, G. (2003 October). Cytomegalovirus, A common virus causing serious disease. Australian Family Physician Vol. 32, No. 10.

Brennan, C. (2001). Cytomegalovirus in Renal Transplantation. J Am Soc Nephrol 12:848-855 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.jasn.org/cgi/content/full/12/4/848 through http://www.jasn.org.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 345-346.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 1216-1217.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1551-1553.

(2006 February 6). About CMV. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/facts.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 12/9/07.

(2006 March 28). Frequently Asked Questions about CMV. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/faqs.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 12/9/07.

(2006 February 6). Signs and Symptoms of CMV. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/signs.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 12/9/07.

(2006 February 6). CMV Tests for You and Your Baby. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/testing.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 12/9/07.

(2005 November 4). CMV Diagnosis. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/diagnosis.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 12/9/07.

(2007 February 12). Neurological Consequences of Cytomegalovirus Infection Information Page. NINDS [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cytomegalic/cytomegalic.htm through http://www.ninds.nih.gov. Accessed on 12/23/07.

CMV - immunocompromised host. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000663.htm. Accessed on 12/23/07.

(Updated 2010 December 6) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Congenital CMV Infection, Interpretation of Laboratory Tests. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/clinical/lab-tests.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed February 2011.

Akhter, K and Wills, T (Updated 2011 February 2). Cytomegalovirus. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215702-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2011.

Hanson, K et al (Updated November 2010 ). Cytomegalovirus – CMV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CMV.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2011.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 May 1). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. MayoClinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cmv/DS00938 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed February 2011.

Dugdale, D (Updated 2009 August 28). CMV serology test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003546.htm. Accessed February 2011.

(Updated 2010 December 6) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Congenital CMV Infection, Testing and Diagnosis of CMV Infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/testing-diagnosis.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed February 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 350-351.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007, Pp 728, 764-766.

Blood Bank Guy – Transfusion Medicine Education. Is Leukocyte Reduction Equivalent to CMV-seronegative Products for Prevention of Transfusion-transmitted CMV? Available online at http://www.bbguy.org/faq/transfusion-transmitted-cmv.asp through http://www.bbguy.org. Accessed July 1, 2011.

CDC HIV/AIDS. You Can Prevent CMV. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/brochures/cmv.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed July 1, 2011.