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Creatinine

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Also known as: Creat; Blood Creatinine; Serum Creatinine; Urine Creatinine
Formal name: Creatinine

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Horowitz, G. (Updated 2012 October 23). Creatinine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2054342-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2012.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 August 20). Creatinine – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003475.htm. Accessed November 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Creatinine with Estimated GFR (MDRD), Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8472 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed November 2012.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 August 21). Creatinine – urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003610.htm. Accessed November 2012.

Arora, P. (Updated 2012 March 28). Chronic Kidney Disease. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/238798-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2012.

(Updated 2012 March 23). The Kidneys and How They Work. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed November 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 326-328.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 362-363.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2002 March). Medical Tests of Kidney Function. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse, NIH Publication No. 02–4623 [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/kidneytests/index.htm through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov.

Esson, M. and Schrier, R. (2002). Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Tubular Necrosis. Ann Intern Med 2002;137:744-752 [On-line journal]. PDF available for download at http://www.annals.org/cgi/reprint/137/9/744.pdf through http://www.annals.org.

Agha, Irfan (2004 February 11, Updated). Creatinine – serum. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003475.htm.

Agha, Irfan (2004 February 11, Updated). Creatinine – urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003610.htm.

Agha, Irfan (2004 February 11, Updated). Creatinine clearance. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003611.htm.

Agha, Irfan (2003 August 7, Updated). BUN. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003474.htm.

Agrawal, M. and Swartz, R. (2000 April 1). Acute Renal Failure. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000401/2077.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Nissl, J. (2004 September 20, Updated). Creatinine and Creatinine Clearance WebMD [On-line information]. Available online at http://my.webmd.com/hw/kidney_failure/hw4322.asp through http://my.webmd.com.

Physician's Reference Laboratory: Kidney Function Panel. Available online at http://www.prlnet.com/Kidney.htm through http://www.prlnet.com.

(Update: 10/22/2007) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Creatinine, Serum. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003475.htm. Accessed November 2008.

(Update: 10/22/2007) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Creatinine, Urine. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003610.htm. Accessed November 2008.

(Update: 9/4/2007) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Creatinine clearance. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003611.htm. Accessed November 2008.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp. 311-312.

National Kidney Foundation. Chronic Kidney Disease. Available online at http://www.kidney.org/kidneyDisease/ckd/index.cfm#whatare through http://www.kidney.org. Accessed January 2009.

Pagana K, Pagana T. Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 3rd Edition, St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2006 Pp. 206-209.