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CSF Analysis

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Also known as: Spinal Fluid Analysis
Formal name: Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Sheth, K. (Updated 2011 April 30). CSF analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003369.htm. Accessed September 2011.

Fisher, M. and Hanson, K. (Updated 2011 March). Meningitis, Acute. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/MeningitisAcute.html#tabs=0 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed September 2011.

Razonable, R. (Updated 2011 July 7). Meningitis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232915-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2011.

Shlamovitz, G. (Updated 2011 March 29). Lumbar Puncture. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/80773-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 August 14). CSF smear. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003768.htm. Accessed September 2011.

(© 1995-2011). Unit Code 89789: Cell Count and Differential, Cerebrospinal Fluid. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/89789 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed September 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 633-641.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds, (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 2465, 2515, 2474-2475.

Knight J, et al. Early (Chemical) Diagnosis of Bacterial Meningitis-Cerebrospinal Fluid Glucose, Lactate, and Lactate Dehydrogenase Compared. Clin Chem 27/8, 1431-1434 (1981). Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/content/27/8/1431.full.pdf+html through http://www.clinchem.org. Accessed November 2011.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosbys Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 613-621.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 320-321, 1550.

Kantor, D. (2006 November 21). CSF chemistry. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Smith, D.S. (2007 December 3). Cerebrospinal fluid culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Levin, M. (2007 June 18). CSF-VDRL test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 April 30). Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Wener, K. (2006 February 10). CSF Smear. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 April 30). CSF Cell Count. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Levin, M. (2007 June 18). CSF coccidioides complement fixation. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 April 30). CSF oligoclonal banding. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 April 30). CSF protein. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 May 22). CSF glucose. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Bentley-Hibbert, S. (2007 July 17). Radionuclide cisternogram. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Campellone, J. (2007 May 22). CSF myelin basic protein. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online through http://www.nlm.nih.gov/. Accessed on 3/9/08.

Roy Sucholeiki, R. (2006 April 24, Updated). Lumbar Puncture (CSF Examination). EMedicine. Available online through http://www.emedicine.com/. Accessed on 3/18/08.

Seehusen, D. et. al. (2003 September 15). Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis. American Family Physician v 68 (6). Available online through http://www.aafp.org/. Accessed on 3/18/08.

Sur, D. and Bukont, E. (2007 June 15). Evaluating Fever of Unidentifiable Source in Young Children. American Family Physician v 75 (12). Available online through http://www.aafp.org/. Accessed on 3/18/08.

Henrys Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007.

Pagana K, Pagana T. Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 3rd Edition, St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2006.

American Cancer Society (July 25, 2006). How Are Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults Diagnosed? Available online through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed April 2008.