NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.
Sources Used in Current Review
Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2011, Pp 354-355.
Cyclosporine. University of Washington Medical Center. Available online at https://healthonline.washington.edu/document/health_online/pdf/Heart-Transplant-Cyclosporine.pdf through https://healthonline.washington.edu. Last reviewed October 2012. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Cyclosporine. Medline Plus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a601207.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Last updated September 1, 2010. Accessed October 21, 2013.
Cyclosporine. NYU Langone Medical Center. Available online at http://www.med.nyu.edu/content?ChunkIID=21718 through http://www.med.nyu.edu. Last reviewed August 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013.
Cyclosporine Clinic Guidelines for Monitoring Physicians. Vancouver Coastal Health. Avaialble online at http://www.arthritis.ca/document.doc?id=555 through http://www.arthritis.ca. Last reviewed April 2012. Accessed November 1, 2013.
(Updated Nov 17, 2011) Pelligrino B. Immunosuppression. Medscape Reference article. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/432316-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2013.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
A Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests. 6th ed. Fischbach F, ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, and Correlations. Bishop M, Duben-Engelkirk J, Fody E, eds. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 20th ed. Henry JB, ed. New York: Saunders: 2001.
Sacher RA, McPherson RA, Campos J. Widmann's Clinical Interpretation of Laboratory Tests. 11th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company; 2000.
Karen L. Hardinger, Pharm.D. Matthew J. Koch, M.D.; Daniel C. Brennan, M.D., FACP (Posted 10/01/2004) Current and Future Immunosuppressive Strategies in Renal Transplantation, Medscape from Pharmacotherapy. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/489357 through http://www.medscape.com.
TOXNET, Toxicology Data Network (April 2006). Hazardous Substance Database. Division of Specialized Information Services (SIS) of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) (Online information-Search cyclosporine). Available online at http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB through http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov.
Medscape detailed monograph: Oral Cyclosporine (April 2006). Available online through http://www.medscape.com.
Michael R. Lucey; Manal F. Abdelmalek; Rosemarie Gagliardi; Darla Granger; Curtis Holt; Igal Kam; Goran Klintmalm; Alan Langnas; Kirti Shetty; Andreas Tzakis; E. Steve Woodle (2005). A Comparison of Tacrolimus and Cyclosporine in Liver Transplantation: Effects on Renal Function and Cardiovascular Risk Status. Medscape from American Journal of Transplantation 5(5):1111-1119. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/503095 through http://www.medscape.com.
Well, G (2005). Cyclosporine for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Rev Abstract, The Cochrane Collaboration. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/485484 through http://www.medscape.com.
Naldi, L., Griffiths, CEM (2005). Traditional Therapies in the Management of Moderate to Severe Chronic Plaque Psoriasis: An Assessment of the Benefits and Risks. British Journal of Dermatology 152(4): 597-615. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/503441 through http://www.medscape.com.
(Revised 2009 December 1). Cyclosporine. MedlinePlus Drug Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a601207.html. Accessed March 2010.
McMillin, G., and Wittwer, C. (Updated 2009 August). Organ Transplantation - Immunosuppressive Drugs. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/ImmunosuppressiveDrugs.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed March 2010.
Pellegrino, B. and Schmidt, R. (Update 2009 October 14). Immunosuppression. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/432316-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2010.
Malhotra, P. et. al. (Updated 2009 July 28). Immunology of Transplant Rejection. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/432209-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2010.
(Updated 2010 March 1). Cyclosporine (Oral Route, Intravenous Route). MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-information/DR601591 through http://www.mayoclinic.com/. Accessed March 2010.
Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 462.
Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 1326-1329.