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D-dimer

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Also known as: Fragment D-dimer; Fibrin Degradation Fragment
Formal name: D-dimer
Related tests: Fibrin Degradation Products; FDP; Fibrin Split Products; FSP; PT and INR; PTT; Fibrinogen; Platelet Count

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Patel, K. et al. (Updated 2014 April 15). Deep Venous Thrombosis. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/758140-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2014.

Ouellette, D. (Updated 2013 December 23). Pulmonary Embolism. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/300901-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2014.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2014 February 22) Thrombophlebitis. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/thrombophlebitis/DS00223/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed April 2014.

Reviewed by Heikal, N. et al. (Updated September 2013). Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation – DIC. ARUP Consult. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/DIC.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=1 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed April 2014.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2012). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 11th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 338-339.

(© 1995–2014). D-Dimer Plasma. Mayo Medical Laboratories. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/testcatalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/9290 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed April 2014.

Szigeti, R. et al. D-Dimer. (Updated 2012 November 2). Medscape. Available online at http://www.emedicine.medscape.com/article/2085111-overview#a30 through http://www.emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Panel. AACC View Q&A [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aacc.org/access/outcomes/18_disseminated_intravascular.stm through http://www.aacc.org/.

(2003 January). In Search of a Killer - Does D-dimer Help? American College of Emergency Physicians [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.acep.org/1,32394,0.html through http://www.acep.org.

(2001 July 17). Improving the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism in the Emergency Department. Annals of Internal Medicine v135 (2) [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.annals.org/issues/v135n2/nts/200107170-00005.html through http://www.annals.org.

Strandness Jr., DE. Are Physical Findings Totally Useless In DVT/PE? Vascular Web, University of Washington School of Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.vascularweb.org/doc/54 through http://www.vascularweb.org.

Tan, J. (2000 December). Clinical Applications of the D-Dimer Assay in Deep Venous Thrombosis. San Bernardino County Medical Society Bulletin [On-line newsletter]. Available online at http://www.sbcms.org/southcalphysician/2000/nov-dec/art5.htm through http://www.sbcms.org.

Prazeres, G. Deep Vein Thrombosis - Part II. Internal Medicine MedStudents [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medstudents.com.br/medint/medint5.htm through http://www.medstudents.com.br.

D-Dimer: Lifting the Veil of Confusion. Diagnostics today Online, Beckman Coulter [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.beckmancoulter.com/resourcecenter/diagtoday/articles/features/betterddimer.asp through http://www.beckmancoulter.com.

Began, T. (2002 October). Elisa D-Dimer: How Accurate For PE Diagnosis? PulmonaryReviews.com, vol 7 (10) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pulmonaryreviews.com/oct02/pr_oct02_ELISA.html through http://www.pulmonaryreviews.com.

Cortese Hassett, A. (2000 February). D-dimer Testing and Acute Venous Thromboembolism. Transfusion Medicine Update, The Institute for Transfusion Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.itxm.org/TMU2000/tmu2-2000.htm through http://www.itxm.org.

Titus, K. (2003 January). Identity crisis persists: which D-dimer? CAP Today, In the News [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.cap.org/captoday/archive/2003/0103/DdimerCover.html through http://www.cap.org.

Cruickshank, M. (2001 January). Practical Treatment Guidelines, Suspected DVT. The Thrombosis Interest Group of Canada [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.tigc.org/eguidelines/suspdvt.htm through http://www.tigc.org.

Abumuhor, I. and Hope Kearns, E.(2002 April 26). Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Differential Diagnosis. The Virtual Health Care Team [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.vhct.org/case2300/diagnosis.shtml through http://www.vhct.org.

Venous Thromboembolism (VTE), Qualitative (Time Sensitive). ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing (CLT) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_250b.htm through http://www.aruplab.com.

Yen, S. (2001 March 27). D-Dimer For The Diagnosis Of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Internal Medicine Evidence Based Medicine Newsletter, Edition 8 [On-line Newsletter]. Available online at http://www.wshmc.org/wshcresidency/EBMNL/EBMNL032701.htm through http://www.wshmc.org.

Schreiber, D. (Updated 2010 June 10). Deep Venous Thrombosis and Thrombophlebitis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/758140-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Kamangar, N. and McDonnell, M. (Updated 2010 May 14). Pulmonary Embolism. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/300901-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 January 30) Thrombophlebitis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/thrombophlebitis/DS00223/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

(© 2008). Focus on Blood Clots. Vascular Disease Foundation [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.vdf.org/pdfs/VDF_FocusOnBloodClots.pdf through http://www.vdf.org. Accessed August 2010.

Lehman, C. et. al. (Updated 2010 January). Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation – DIC. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/DIC.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=1 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed August 2010.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 347-348.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 332-333.

(April 2009) Hui S, Mast A, D-dimer: A non-invasive triage test for patients with suspected DVT. Clinical Laboratory News, Volume 35, Number 4. Available online at http://www.aacc.org/publications/cln/2009/april/Pages/series0409.aspx through http://www.aacc.org. Accessed November 2010.

(August 2006) Bussey H. What is the D-dimer test? ClotCare Online Resources. Available online at http://www.clotcare.com/faq_ddimertest.aspx through http://www.clotcare.com. Accessed November 2010.

National Blood Clot Alliance. Blood Clot Signs, Symptoms and Risks. Available online at http://www.stoptheclot.org/learn_more/blood_clot_symptoms__dvt.html through http://www.stoptheclot.org. Accessed November 2010.