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DCP

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Also known as: PIVKA II (protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonists II)
Formal name: Des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Stuart, K. and Stadler, Z. (Updated 2012 November 26). Primary Hepatic Carcinoma. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/282814-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed July 2013.

Bruix, J. and Morris Sherman, M. (2011). Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: An Update. Hepatology v 53 (3) 3, 2011 [On-line information]. Available online through https://www.aasld.org. Accessed July 2013.

Grenache, D. (Updated 2013 March). Hepatocellular Carcinoma. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/HepatocellularCarcinoma.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed July 2013.

(© 1995–2013) Des-Gamma-Carboxy Prothrombin (DCP), Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/61844 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed July 2013.

Herrine, S. (Revised 2012 November). Primary Liver Cancer. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed July 2013.

Lok, A. et. al. (2010 February). Des-gamma-carboxy Prothrombin and Alpha fetoprotein as Biomarkers for the Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Gastroenterology v138 (2): 493 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2819612/ through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed July 2013.

Nguyen-Khoa, D-T. (Updated 2012 February 23) Vitamin K Deficiency. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/126354-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed July 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(Revised 2009 May 05). Liver Cancer. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=25 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed September 2009.

Grenache, D. et. al. (Updated 2009 May). Hepatocellular Carcinoma. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/HepatocellularCarcinoma.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed September 2009.

Singal, A. and Marrero, J. (2008 March). Screening for Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Gastroenterology & Hepatology Volume 4, Issue 3 [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.clinicaladvances.com/article_pdfs/gh-article-200803-marrero.pdf through http://www.clinicaladvances.com. Accessed September 2009.

Axelrod, D. and Leeuwen, D. (2008 September 18). Hepatocellular Carcinoma. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/197319-overview through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed September 2009.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 July 2). Liver Cancer. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/liver-cancer/DS00399 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2009.

(Modified 2009 June 30). Liver (Hepatocellular) Cancer Screening (PDQ®). National Cancer Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/hepatocellular/healthprofessional through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed September 2009.

Lopez, J. (2005 August). Recent Developments in the First Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Clin Biochem Rev. 2005 August; 26(3): 65–79 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=16450014 through http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov. Accessed September 2009.

Stitham, S. et. al. (Updated 2008 September 4). Hepatocellular Carcinoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000280.htm. Accessed September 2009.

Yamamoto, K. et. al. (2009 August 11). Significance of Alpha-Fetoprotein and Des-gamma-Carboxy Prothrombin in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Undergoing Hepatectomy. Ann Surg Oncol Abstract [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19669841?dopt=Abstract through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed September 2009.

Sherman, M. (2005 June 23). Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Screening. Medscape Today from Seminars in Liver Disease [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/506830 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed September 2009.