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Diabetes-related Autoantibodies

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Also known as: Islet Autoantibodies; Diabetes Mellitus Autoantibody Panel
Formal name: Islet Cell Cytoplasmic Autoantibodies; ICA; Insulin Autoantibodies; IAA; Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Autoantibodies; GADA; GAD65 Autoantibodies; Insulinoma-Associated-2 Autoantibodies; IA-2A; ICA512 Autoantibodies; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase-like Autoantibodies

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

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(©2011) American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for Developing a Diabetes Mellitus Comprehensive Care Plan. Available online at https://www.aace.com/files/dm-guidelines-ccp.pdf through https://www.aace.com. Accessed March 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Maclaren, N. and Marker, J. (2002 December). Guidelines & Recommendations for Laboratory Analysis in the Diagnosis & Management of Diabetes Mellitus. Weill College of Medicine of Cornell University, NACB Laboratory Medicine Practice Guidelines [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nacb.org/temporary/Maclaren2.htm through http://www.nacb.org.

Kimpimäki, T. et. al. (2000). Disease-Associated Autoantibodies as Surrogate Markers of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Children at Increased Genetic Risk. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol 85 No. 3 1126-1132 [On-line information]. Available online at http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/content/full/85/3/1126 through http://jcem.endojournals.org.

Borg, H. et. al. (2001). High Levels of Antigen-Specific Islet Antibodies Predict Future ß-Cell Failure in Patients with Onset of Diabetes in Adult Age. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 86 (7): 3032. (2001) [On-line journal]. Available online at http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/reprint/86/7/3032 through http://jcem.endojournals.org.

Achenbach, P. et. al. (2004). Stratification of Type 1 Diabetes Risk on the Basis of Islet Autoantibody Characteristics. Diabetes 53:384-392 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/content/full/53/2/384 through http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org.

(© 2005). Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase (GAD) Antibody. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a287.jsp#1149613 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

(© 2005). Islet Cell Antibody, IgG. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a25b.jsp#1153005 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

(© 2005). IA-2 Antibody. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_alpb.jsp#2441172 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

Dupré, J. & Mahon, J. (2000 August). Diabetes-Related Autoantibodies and the Selection of Subjects for Trials of Therapies to Preserve Pancreaticß-Cell Function in Recent-Onset Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, (23): 8 [On-line information]. Available online through http://care.diabetesjournals.org.

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Eisenbarth, G. (2003 November). Chapter 11 Prediction of Type I Diabetes: The Natural History of the Prediabetic Period. Type I Diabetes: Molecular, Cellular, and Clinical Immunology, Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, UCDHSC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.uchsc.edu/misc/diabetes/oxch11.html through http://www.uchsc.edu.

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(2008 May). Overview of Diabetes in Children and Adolescents. National Diabetes Education Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://ndep.nih.gov/media/diabetes/youth/youth_FS.htm through http://ndep.nih.gov. Accessed January 2010.

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