NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.
Sources Used in Current Review
(© 1995-2010). Unit Code 200269: Direct LDL, Serum. Mayo Clinic, Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/200269 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed December 2010.
Roberts, W. (Updated April 2010). Cardiovascular Disease (Traditional Risk Markers) - Risk Markers - CVD (Traditional). ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CVDRiskMarkerTrad.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2010.
Desvigne-Nickens, P. (Updated 2009 February 2). Frequently Asked Questions, Heart Disease. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/heart-disease.pdf through http://www.womenshealth.gov. Accessed December 2010.
Faix, J. (2009 Summer). Read My Lipids: LDL Cholesterol: Calculated vs. Direct. Stanford University Medical Center [On-line information]. PF available for download at http://www.stanfordlab.com/images/PDF/2009Summer.pdf through http://www.stanfordlab.com. Accessed December 2010.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].
Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.
Paxton, A. (2002 July). One Year Later, Cholesterol Guidelines Sinking In. CAP Today [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.cap.org/captoday/archive/2002/cholesterol_guidelines_feature.html through http://www.cap.org.
Paxton, A. (2002 July). One Option For A More Complete Profile. CAP Today [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.cap.org/captoday/archive/2002/cholesterol_guidelines_sidebar.html through http://www.cap.org.
(2001 May). ATP III At-A-Glance: Quick Desk Reference. U.S. Department Of Health And Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [On-line information, NIH Publication No. 01-3305]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/atglance.htm through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.
(2002) Direct Measurement of LDL Cholesterol. The University of Iowa Department of Pathology, Laboratory Services Handbook [On-line test information]. Available online at http://www.medicine.uiowa.edu/path_handbook/lab_bulletins/archived/c2002/ldl_measured.html through http://www.medicine.uiowa.edu.
Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp. 602-605.
Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Winter, W. and Harris, N. Chapter 21 Lipoprotein Disorders. Pp. 251-259.
Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp. 684.