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Epstein-Barr Virus Antibodies

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Also known as: EBV Antibodies; EBV VCA-IgM Ab; EBV VCA-IgG Ab; EBNA-IgG Ab; EA-D IgG Ab
Formal name: Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody to Viral Capsid Antigen, IgM, IgG; Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody to Nuclear Antigen, IgG; Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody to Early D Antigen, IgG; Heterophile Antibodies

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Bennett, N. and Domachowske, J. (Updated 2012 May 30). Pediatric Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/963894-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2012.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 August 24). Epstein-Barr virus test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003513.htm. Accessed November 2012.

Delgado, J. et. al. (Updated 2012 August). Epstein-Barr Virus – EBV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/EBV.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed November 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Antibody Profile, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/84421 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed November 2012.

Cunha, B. and Levy, C. (Updated 2011 September 21). Infectious Mononucleosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/222040-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2010 June 26). Mononucleosis. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/mononucleosis/DS00352/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed November 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 407-409.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds, (2005) Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, pp1046-1048.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier: 2007, pp 555-556.

Hess R. Mini Review: Routine Epstein-Barr Virus Diagnostics from the Laboratory, Perspective: Still Challenging after 35 Years. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Aug. 2004, Vol. 42, No. 8., Pg. 3381–3387.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 373-375.

Ebell, M. (2004 October 1). Epstein-Barr Virus Infectious Mononucleosis. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20041001/1279.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Levy, D. (2004 January 19, Updated). Epstein-Barr virus test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003513.htm.

(© 1995-2005). Epstein-Barr Virus Infection. The Merck Manual- Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec17/ch198/ch198f.html through http://www.merck.com.

(© 2005). Epstein-Barr Virus. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a238.jsp#1147825 through http://www.aruplab.com.

Schmid, S., Leader Herpesvirus Group (2005 September 13, Updated). Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious Mononucleosis. CDC, National Center for Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/ebv.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 401-403.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1556-1557.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 663.

Smith, D. S. (2007 August 6). Epstein-Barr virus test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003513.htm. Accessed on 11/23/08.

Bennett, N. J. and Domachowske, J (2008 August 12). Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/ped/TOPIC705.HTM through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 11/23/08.

(© 2006-2008). Epstein-Barr Virus – EBV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/InfectiousDz/Viruses/EBV.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed on 11/23/08.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2008 June 28). Mononucleosis. MayoClinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mononucleosis/DS00352 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 11/23/08.

(2005 November). Infectious Mononucleosis. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec14/ch189/ch189f.html?qt=EBV&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 11/23/08.

Peridin F, et. al (Published online 2007 March 28). Comparison of commercial and in-house Real-time PCR assays for quantification of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in plasma. BMC Microbiol. 2007; 7: 22. Available online at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=pmc1852802 through http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov. Accessed January 2009.

(Updated Feb 2, 2009) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious Mononucleosis. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/ebv.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed February 2009.